The upshot of these features of her account is to further weaken the three objections she analyzes, especially the assumption that such identities lead to narrow, isolated, and separated self-conceptions that undermine national political life. Although Alcoff does present cogent answers to the three objections against identity, especially insofar as those objections are based in metaphysical and epistemological assumptions about race, ethnicity, and gender, her analysis in the fourth chapter, "Real Identities," does not address the objections of those who hold the positions of racial nominalism, skepticism, or eliminativism.
- Preventing better than Healing.
- Cool Hunter (German Edition).
- The Emotions: A Philosophical Theory (Philosophical Studies Series).
- La deux fois morte: Suivi de Lélixir de vie (French Edition).
At best, Alcoff demonstrates how race, ethnicity and gender are present in our lives and in society, as well as their effect on how we know the world. Her arguments, however, do not address the metaphysical arguments of those who question the objective existence of at least one of the central categories of her analysis.
What she gives us is how race is experienced as real, but she has not established its reality.
The remaining sections of Visible Identities are devoted to discussions of particular identities and the detailing of her phenomenological account of racial embodiment. In addition to the chapters already mentioned, her other chapters include an analysis of the identity crisis in feminist theory, whiteness, the black-white binary, and a discussion of the debate over whether 'Latino' refers to a racial or ethnic category.
Those chapters have been previously published but they have also been reworked to include her insights from the first section. Although the weight of Alcoff's analysis rests in the first section, the collection of chapters in the following sections, all of which have been previously published, are invaluable resources for scholars interested in this area of philosophy, and will be useful in classes ranging from political and social philosophy to feminist philosophy and race theory. Alcoff's critique of the pathologization of identity not only gives a supportive analysis of "strongly felt" social identities, but also identifies the equally strongly felt desire of communities of color in the US to conserve their racial and ethnic identities, and the just-as-strong desire of many feminists to maintain their feminist identities.
The desire of those communities to conserve their identities presents a challenge to those liberals who want to shift the national discussion to unity and the common good. However, there is a tension in her work between the radical particularity of identity in her account of racial embodiment, and her account of the role of social identities within democracy.
In short, I worry that Alcoff does not fully consider the incentives that social identities have to institutionalize and to form bureaucracies. This leads her to ignore the deeper concerns that critics have about identity politics as a species of special interest politics. Alcoff's account of identity exposes important features of "visible identities" that make them radically particular experiences. While she places the social identities she analyzes within the context of group interaction, her emphasis on hybridity and multiplicity allows for enough divergence so that three problems with identity are avoided.
This feature of her account is developed in her discussion of mixed race and mestizo identity. She also, however, reminds us that these complex and radically particular identities have historically served as points of political organization, and argues that they should engender larger political participation.
What is intersectionality, and what does it have to do with me?
Alcoff develops this line of thought in the first chapter, as well as in her chapters on Latino and mixed race identity. In that analysis she avoids, however, the dangers of the institutionalization of those identities, which precisely lead to critiques of identity politics. Groups become centers of power that seek social reproduction and offer measures to encourage loyalty, compel membership, and exclude those who exercise their individual autonomy by not conforming to the group's will.
They seek to suppress the very multiplicity and hybridity which Alcoff depends upon to save identity from the criticisms of liberals. For the sake of their own visibility, groups engender the invisibility of other embodied identities. This tension is especially apparent in Alcoff's discussion of mixed race identity and the black-white binary. The rise of mixed race consciousness and the claiming of the identity by an increasing number of multiracial youth, who otherwise would have been considered to be a member of "just" one race, has been met with widespread suspicion, criticism, and active opposition from such institutional forces as the NAACP and La Raza.
This problem is also apparent in her discussion of the black-white binary. Within that chapter -- which is especially pertinent in the context of our present national discussions of immigration and conflicts between African Americans and Latinos -- she criticizes the unjustified focus on black and white concerns and perspectives in national discussions of race.
Identities: Race, Class, Gender, and Nationality. Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell , This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. View all copies of this ISBN edition:. Synopsis About this title This anthology provides the definitive theoretical sources of contemporary thinking about identity, including explorations of race, class, gender, and nationality. Book Description : This anthology marks the first time that the key essays in the long tradition of philosophical debate surrounding identity categories have been brought together in one volume.
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Published by Wileyand ;Blackwell Published by John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Travel costs, food, and lodging will be covered by the foundation. Papers will be circulated before the conference. After the conference, the authors will submit their final drafts on or before April 28, The papers will then be sent out to two additional scholars for peer review. Having received feedback from reviewers and the RSF board, authors will revise their papers before August 1, The full and final issue will be published in the spring of Skip to main content.
In the book identities race class gender and
Identities: Formation, Definition, and Change How do immigrants define and reconceptualize their ethnic, racial and national identities as they make new lives in American society? Are native-born Americans also redefining themselves in ethnic or racial terms in light of demographic changes related to immigration?
What structural features and inequalities, political dynamics, cultural patterns, and psychological processes underlie the ethnic and racial identities that have developed among different immigrant-origin groups? How do generation, gender, class, and legal status affect the formation of racial and ethnic identities among individuals in different immigrant-origin groups? Do types of immigrant geographic locations make a difference in patterns of identity formation in, for instance, new urban and rural gateways vs.
Intermarriage is critical in understanding the impact of immigration on ethnoracial identities. How does intermarriage affect the ethnic and racial identities of both partners and, perhaps most importantly, the multiethnic and multiracial children from these unions? How do these identity effects of intermarriage differ for Asians, Latinos, and blacks as well as for immigrants of different national origin within these broad categories? Panethnicity may develop when a number of previously discrete ethnic groups join together, often in reaction to the dominant group's tendency to homogenize them.
What factors promote or discourage panethnic identities and attachments?
To what extent have Latino and Asian panethnic categories become part of the identities of immigrants in different groups? To what extent do immigrants of African ancestry and their children find common ground with African Americans in a panethnic black identity?
- Formats and Editions of Identities : race, class, gender, and nationality [pefawuqa.cf].
- In the book Identities Race Class Gender and Nationality Linda Alcoff and!
- Investigating Identity!
- Computational Complexity and Statistical Physics (Santa Fe Institute Studies on the Sciences of Complexity);
- I tre re (indies g&a) (Italian Edition).
Identities: In the Eyes of the Beholders How are those of immigrant origin identified, in racial and ethnic terms, by others in their own immigrant group? In what ways do these views vary by local context, including different urban settings and "new" vs. Are there differences in how immigrants are viewed, compared to the second and third generation members of the same immigrant origin group?