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If you are an older woman who never worked outside the home during your marriage or has not done so in many years, you may have difficulty finding a well-paying job after you are divorced. Therefore, getting an adequate amount of alimony for a long enough period of time is essential to your maintaining an acceptable post-divorce lifestyle. However, if your divorce is rancorous, your spouse may fight against paying you the alimony you think you need.

Understanding State Laws versus Federal Laws

The divorce laws and guidelines of your state provide a framework and set boundaries for resolving the basic issues that must be decided before your marriage can be ended. In other words, those laws and guidelines are actually quite flexible, within certain limits:. Second-guessing family law judges can be tricky because judges have considerable discretion in how they interpret the law. Furthermore, although you would like to think that all judges approach legal issues with no bias, the truth is that their decisions are at times colored by their own prejudices, preferences, and real-life experiences.

Moreover, appealing means spending more money on an attorney and then, if you win your appeal, more money on a new trial. Divorce law helps resolve legal and financial issues. The law will not resolve the anger, guilt, fear, or sadness you may feel.

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Understanding the Basics of Divorce Law. The rules cover such issues as retaining income in the company, splitting income and some deductions. Voluntary withholding tax arrangements with your hirer You may also be eligible to enter into a voluntary agreement with the hirer that will enable the hirer to withhold tax for you. This may simplify the administration of your taxation.

Further information on this option is available from the ATO. This needs to be checked before you agree to the contract. Under some circumstances, the hirer may have to pay your Superannuation Guarantee contribution in addition to what they pay you for the work you do. If your contract is for the hours you work rather than to achieve a specific result and you do the work yourself, then the hirer may have to pay the Superannuation Guarantee for you. Partners are responsible for paying their own superannuation regardless of whether the contract is for the hours you work or to achieve a result.

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This is because a company is a separate legal entity and as such you are an employee of that entity. If you don't pay enough, or if you miss the payment cut-off dates, you will have to pay the Superannuation Guarantee charge which is a tax penalty. If the hirer is required to pay your Superannuation Guarantee contribution, your contract price may change to reflect the extra expense to the hirer.

Under some state and territory laws you may be covered by their workers' compensation laws even though you are an independent contractor. Workers' compensation insurance ensures that benefits are paid to a worker or the worker's family if the worker suffers a job-related injury, death or disease. Generally, the hirer must provide a safe workplace for you and you must ensure that your actions don't put yourself or others at risk.

You must also alert the appropriate people to hazardous workplace situations and report all accidents and injuries. If you are not covered by the Independent Contractors Act , then some state industrial relations laws may still apply to you, but only where both you and the hirer enter into a contract as individuals for example, when neither you or the hirer is a company.

South Australian Legislation

If you perform work for the Commonwealth Government, the Commonwealth's laws may apply. A standard form contract is an agreement where the contract is offered on a 'take it or leave it' basis. If a court or tribunal finds a contract term unfair, the term will be cancelled and your business won't need to meet it. The rest of the contract will remain unchanged. Independent contractors in the building and construction industry can get help to recover payments from a hirer under state and territory security of payments laws. In most states, these laws provide a dispute resolution mechanism for building and construction contractors who are owed progress payments for work performed for a hirer.

If you work in the building and construction industry, you can use this payment dispute resolution system regardless of whether your contract is verbal or written. You will be covered by the law of the state or territory in which the work is done. In most states, security of payments laws can allow you to issue the hirer with a payment claim, which gives the hirer a strict timeframe in which to respond with either payment or a payment schedule.

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If the hirer does not respond, you may be able to take your dispute to adjudication where the hirer can be forced to pay immediately. However, security of payment laws are slightly different in each state and territory. You should check with the appropriate authority to see how the laws operate where you do your work. Remember that it is always best to try to resolve the dispute in the first instance through discussion and negotiation. This can help you maintain a good business relationship with the hirer, which is important if you want to secure future work.

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The law bans the use of contracts that cause or encourage drivers of heavy vehicles from breaking the law, such as exceeding a speed limit or driving while impaired by fatigue. If your contract is with a hirer based in another country or some of the work will be done in another country,you may be required to comply with the laws of that country. Some international contracts specify which country's law will apply in deciding future disputes.

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Social and Political life Understanding Laws

It is a good idea to consider including a clause like this so you don't waste time and money deciding which court in which country will hear the dispute. You should bear in mind that should a dispute arise in relation to a contract that applies the law of another country, any claim you make in that country is likely to be very expensive for you. Australia may also be a party to a free trade agreement with the country, which may impact on the contract. It is strongly recommended that you get advice from a lawyer in the relevant country.

Austrade , the Australian Government's trade and investment development agency, has a number of overseas offices that can help you find a legal representative. It is important for contractors and hirers to understand their rights and responsibilities. When you agree to do a job for another person or business, you're likely to be entering into a contract.

NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Social and Political life Understanding Laws

Find out what makes a contract fair and what laws there are to protect you. Home People Contractors Understanding contracts Laws affecting contracts. Laws affecting contracts Last Updated: 23 May Thanks for your feedback. If you have any ideas on how we can improve, we'd love to hear them.