This issue of " Lo Sguardo " intends to attempt a sort of assessment of the last four decades, in order to analyse the limits and boundaries of the concept of posthuman. The leading thread of this issue is thus the question: what is still alive and topical, today, in the question of the posthuman? What themes and trends have progressively run out, and what instead have come to the foreground? How did the questions, and most importantly the answers, to the problem of the posthuman evolve? The question of technology, that is of the hybridization between human and machine, is still for many the most " showy " trait of the posthuman, both in popular culture and for the common understanding within academia; and yet the triumphalism of a certain posthumanism — and above all of its transhumanist deviations — alienated a number of scholars, starting precisely with one of the " mothers " of posthuman theory, Donna Haraway.
The fact remains that the levels of technology's intimacy and intrusion into the human have, if anything, enormously increased sinceA Cyborg Manifesto , and so have also the oppositions to it Habermas, Fukuyama , and this keeps raising inexhaustible ontological, ethical and aesthetic questions decisive are here Bostrom's reflexions. On the occasion of its Hundredth anniversary, the XXV issue of Lo Sguardo scheduled in November will be dedicated to the Russian revolution, interpreted as a crucial event of the contemporary age, which marked starkly the On the occasion of its Hundredth anniversary, the XXV issue of Lo Sguardo scheduled in November will be dedicated to the Russian revolution, interpreted as a crucial event of the contemporary age, which marked starkly the historical events.
It was the first open challenge to the capitalism, dealing with a political change of the sovereignty, of the social structures and of the class struggles. Most of the keywords of his thought — For these reasons, ten years from his passing, Lo Sguardo dedicates to this unclassifiable thinker a monographic issue, which intends to examine his rich and stratified cultural milieu and to investigate his deep effect on the contemporary philosophical, sociological, aesthetical and political thought.
First emerging from the hard sciences, during the last fifteen years the Anthropocene has been taken up widely in the social sciences, but also in the humanities and philosophy, and for a powerful reason: while at a technical or superficial level it is concerned directly with the climate change brought about by industrialization, it inevitably leads to profound issues involving the entire Western tradition. Finally, the Anthropocene seems to call natural scientists, philosophers, economists and politicians to respond to the possibility and the necessity of thinking the future as such.
These terms have come to constitute a useful set of concept to grasp the contemporary culture in its complex structure. Ten years after the death of Baudrillard, Lo Sguardo devotes to his thought a special issue, expected to be published in March Proposals can be submitted by a single editor or a by group of up to three editors.
A 10 anni dalla morte di Baudrillard, Lo Sguardo intende dedicare al suo pensiero un numero monografico, previsto per marzo A questo proposito la redazione invita studiosi attivi nel campo degli studi su Baudrillard e affini ainviare le loro proposte di curatela del numero. Is it possible, and through which philosophical categories, a thought of the catastrophe, natural, or linguistic, or political or aesthetic? And in what consists — on the contrary — a catastrophe of the thought?
The twentieth issue of Catastrophe, thus, as overturning that subverts a system, generating the end of a narrative, of a story, of a structure, but also as an upturning that retains and establishes the possibility of a new beginning. Then, reflecting on the disaster means to approximate the philosophical discourse to the precipice on which rationality builds its unstable foundation, and at the same time recognize in the overturning the very place from which the gaze upon the world starts.
E in cosa consiste, al contrario, una catastrofe del pensiero? In an international perspective we plan contributions in English, German, The soul, if possessed by animals, has been the issue of a lively gnoseological and semantic debate during the Renaissance. While in the Middle Age the attention was rather focused on the opposition between man and beast the word The present issue aims at investigating the theoretical consequences of the traits given to the animal by the philosophical inquiry from the 13th to the 19th Century.
Il presente numero de Lo Sguardo intende indagare le conseguenze teoretiche e antropologiche delle caratteristiche attribuite agli animali dalla ricerca filosofica, nei secoli compresi tra il XIII e il XIX. Pensiero debole e politica more. The aim of the paper is to suggest a new ethical and individual form of political resistance. This comparison focuses in particular on the relation between the different positions of Pier Aldo Rovatti and Antonio Negri during the Seventies and the early Eighties. The philosophical question of the subject, according to the thought of the named authors, emerges at the end of the paper in its very political dimension.
Philosophy and Pensiero Debole. Abitare il transito. Il pensiero delle pratiche di Carlo Sini more. In the original Italian philosophical adventure of the last fifty years, the figure of Carlo Sini is certainly one of the most profound and fascinating. This perspective, provided by great theoretical sharpness, identifies Sini as one of the most interesting contemporary philosophers, and not only at a national level.
Philosophy and Carlo Sini. Luoghi e itinerari cacciariani more. In this paper we illustrate some of the theoretical fundamentals of the route nodes speculative Massimo Cacciari.
Karl Marx. Vita e opere
How can you define the absolute singularity of the thing; what implies that the mere possibility is that from which it How can you define the absolute singularity of the thing; what implies that the mere possibility is that from which it comes; what relation is given between the One and the negative of the world; what are the limits of logos: these and other issues are addressed from the last work of Cacciari, Maze philosophical, and in dialogue with thinkers like Heidegger and Severino, of which we show the similarities and differences with the theses of the Venetian philosopher.
Philosophy and Massimo Cacciari. La differenza tra il discorso filosofico di Severino e quello di Cacciari more. We also propose this essay as an introduction to the complex interview with Emanuele Severino, also published on this issue, since it investigate the same range of philosophical themes. Philosophy , Emanuele Severino , and Massimo Cacciari. Dal linguaggio al corpo more. If language is the foundation of human nature, which is, in turn, the basis of language? The field that now opens itself is populated by those concepts that a philosophy centered on language completely has forgotten: body, life, animality.
Biopolitics and its paradoxes. An approach to life and politics in R. Esposito more. Therefore, Esposito will deconstruct political philosophy and develop a genealogical research on modern biopolitics that has immunization as hermeneutic key. Furthermore, theologico-political dispositives like personhood imply a form of violent immunization.
Now, if life has to be immunized in order to be preserved, it is also on this ground that a new philosophy of the common can emerge. In this sense, Esposito elaborates a philosophy of the third person or the Impersonal, both within Life and Thought, as a way out from the Immunitarian stance that sacrifices Life to its own preservation. The reach of this proposal will be discussed in the last part of the paper. Philosophy , Roberto Esposito , and Biopolitics. The Italian thought is a philosophy of impure reason, which takes into account the conditions, imperfections and possibilities of the world.
The core of his tradition consists in a civil vocation, choosing as objects of investigation The audience of the italian philosophers are not the specialists, but all their compatriots, as well as everyone else. That also because they are often exiles, from Giordano Bruno to Antonio Gramsci, with a cosmopolitian vocation. Philosophy and Bodei Remo. Intervista a Vincenzo Vitiello more.
What is Topology? The interview revolves around this concept, which first of all - according to Vitiello - points to a practice of thinking before than an hermeneutic theory. This point concerns the status of this prospective: which is the responsibility of philosophy if not to focus on the relationship of philosophical, moral and political thought with its own limit? La cosa e il segno. Intervista a Emanuele Severino su linguaggio, ontologia e Destino more. In this interview we asked Professor Severino, one of the major contemporary Italian philosophers, to investigate aspects of his research regarding the relationship between ontology and philosophy of language.
From his theoretical point From his theoretical point of view we have investigated some of the central themes of the philosophical speculation suche as the nature of will, the structure of identity and the matter of what is the truths. Philosophy , Ontology , and Emanuele Severino. Oltre la nostalgia. Per un'etica postumana affermativa. Intervista a Rosi Braidotti more. Starting from her last book Il Postumano. Rather than perceiving the post-human condition as a crisis or a loss, Braidotti argues that it is an opportunity and a challenge for new ethical and social forms of bonding.
Philosophy , Posthumanism , and Rosi Braidotti. Italian something. Intervista a Franco Berardi more. Destrutturare le maiuscole. Pensiero debole, Italian Theory e politica. Conversazione con Pier Aldo Rovatti more. The conversation focuses on the social and political role of the philosopher nowadays. The interview ends with a discussion about the dawning perspectives of the political-philosophical action in the post-modern age.
Philosophy , Pensiero Debole , and Rovatti. Here we present a conversation among three of the leading representatives of the Italian Theory. Philosophy , Roberto Esposito , and Italian Theory. Philosophy , Giorgio Agamben , and Italian Philosophy. The legendary encounter at Davos between Ernst Cassirer and Martin Heidegger may be recognized as the crucial point in the "afterlife" of Dilthey's philosophy.
Starting from the emblematic confrontation of phenomenology and Starting from the emblematic confrontation of phenomenology and Neo-Kantianism as to the "essence of philosophy", the present study first enquires after some surprising aspects of a "critique of historical reason" on either side, before moving on to tensions and dissonances.
Behind the surface matter of proper Kant-exegesis there is the deeper issue of myth and language, yielding eventually a short meditation upon the Diltheyan concept of "structure" in the light of 20th-century structuralism. Philosophy and Wilhelm Dilthey. Nevertheless, this paper aims to shed light on elements in favour of an implicit continuity in Nevertheless, this paper aims to shed light on elements in favour of an implicit continuity in hermeneutics from Dilthey to Heidegger. Philosophy , Wilhelm Dilthey , and Martin Heidegger. Dilthey 2. Hence, his perspective seems The argument is developed in five sections.
In the first section, the author gives a brief account of the status quaestionis. In the third section, the Diltheyan notion of connection is seen from a wider point of view.
The fourth section is devoted to the limits of the historical and social structure of life. In the last section Diltheyan meta-philosophy is faced as a new kind of hermeneutics, a hermeneutics 2. Fondazione delle scienze dello spirito e archeologia delle scienze umane: Dilthey a confronto con Foucault more. In spite of their differences, In spite of their differences, Dilthey and Foucault have in common some important questions and topics: the reconstruction of the history of human sciences in relation to the aim of the foundation Dilthey or of the archeology Foucault of knowledge, the link between philosophy and history and the significance that both philosophers ascribe to anthropology in modern and contemporary philosophy.
Like Dilthey, Foucault tries through his archeological and genealogical method to transform the Kantian a priori in a historical and empirical one. And like Dilthey and Nietzsche , he considers man as historical being. And if Foucault rejects every form of transcendental philosophy by setting and decentering subjectivity within the ensemble of discursive practices, Dilthey understands the origin of knowledge — the life-nexus — as a open and dynamic structure.
Philosophy , Wilhelm Dilthey , and Michel Foucault. Ebbinghaus versus Dilthey. Il dialogo mancato tra scienze della natura e scienze dello spirito more. This contribution deals with the controversy between the phsychologist Herman Ebbinghaus and Wilhelm Dilthey on the status of psychology at the time when it began to be inspired by the model of naturalsciences This contribution deals with the controversy between the phsychologist Herman Ebbinghaus and Wilhelm Dilthey on the status of psychology at the time when it began to be inspired by the model of naturalsciences.
This controversy, which lies within the broader context of the debate that took place in Germany in the second half of the nineteenth century on the status of the natural and human sciences, shows many points in common with the current debate on neo- reductionism. The author wants to highlight that the misconceptions and misunderstandings that characterized the dialogue between scientists and philosophers at the time of Dilthey are reflected in the current comparison between neo-reductionists and supporters of the irreducibility of the spiritual to the natural.
Comprendere la natura. Dilthey, Plessner e la bioermeneutica more. Whereas the natural and human sciences are closely connected with a third-person and a first-person perspective respectively, the author argues that the second-person perspective plays a crucial role in the life sciences.
Is it possible to build a system in philosophy? This way provides a freedom to think by destroying This way provides a freedom to think by destroying every a priori. As a result of this historical manner to do philosophy, it seems, though, to be impossible to find any unhistorical ground.
Karl Marx. Vita e opere by Nicolao Merker
Should philosophy renounce once and for all to search any truth about the world? Should we not be afraid? La tendance tragique dans la structure. Dilthey, Fr. Rosenzweig, K. For Dilthey, as for many intellectuals of his time, it is no more possible, after the kantian criticism in ontology and the growth of the historical consciousness, to give an absolute credence to the validity of synthetic metaphysical For Dilthey, as for many intellectuals of his time, it is no more possible, after the kantian criticism in ontology and the growth of the historical consciousness, to give an absolute credence to the validity of synthetic metaphysical systems neither to the large cosmological, psychological and theological tales.
The first is an epistemological one, concerning the historical and geographical limitation of the points of view, the transcendentals not only in the intellectualist Kantian meaning but on top of that in the vitalist Diltheyian meaning. It can be partially treated with the descriptive method and the narrative form of the sciences of mind. The second aspect is an existential one, inherent to the ambivalence, the contingency and the finitude of the individual life.
Remedies to this last are the hermeneutical methods of the others individual lives. In this paper, we start from the definition of understanding as Zusammenhang. We show that it is accomplished, based on the psychic structure, in the movement towards totalizing understanding through various levels, from our first reports We show that it is accomplished, based on the psychic structure, in the movement towards totalizing understanding through various levels, from our first reports to the world until the worldviews that reflects the philosophy of philosophy.
The analysis of the structure of these conceptions which stabilize our relation to the world is not without difficulties, and the theory of worldviews is presented as an often ambivalent theory of understanding and interpretation : it actually reflects the contradiction between the need for stability, part of metaphysical impetus, and radical historicization, which gives an "insoluble contradiction", the "contradiction between the claim of universal validity for each worldview and for life, and the historical consciousness.
I follow in the paper how Dilthey developed in his later writings a hermeneutics designed to give epistemological foundations for human sciences. I shall argue for the claim that Gadamer gives a deeper image of human sciences, while renouncing to grasp them in terms of their scientific character. In this paper I undertake an interpretation of the concept of memory in the work of Wilhelm Dilthey and of its role in the framework of his theory of history. Through analysis of the concept of memory, Dilthey interweaves the complex Through analysis of the concept of memory, Dilthey interweaves the complex levels of personal biography, group interaction and historical life-experience.
According to my argument, it is in this capacity that memory, for Dilthey, stands at the center of the more general problem of the cohesion and continuity of history. Dans les coulisses du pouvoir more. Professor Malrieu, physicist and quantum chemist of great importance, Professor Malrieu, physicist and quantum chemist of great importance, insists on the nerve centres of the twine in institutionalized power and democratic regimes, that non only coexist but also reveal their collusion in a paradoxical system.
This engineering is based on a model that distinguishes and makes explicit three levels in the power devices. The first level is that of The first level is that of standards governing concrete economic life. The second level is that of principles guiding standards and establishing their conceptual and methodological framework. The third level refers to worldviews underlying the principles and standards: the doxai. The political object "enterprise" is taken as illustration.
This object is first deconstructed, and then reconstructed according to an alternative doxa. The text emphasizes the importance of institutions that design and produce dominant doxai and instruments through which they materialize. The paper addresses the transcendence of political organizations adopting an anthropological perspectives. In contexts in which power is grounded in society the latter tends to be formed by the synergy of multiple and hybrid identities In contexts in which power is grounded in society the latter tends to be formed by the synergy of multiple and hybrid identities.
When power becomes concentrated in institutional government, and thus becomes transcendental, identity is progressively codified and standardized. I argue that representative democracy has failed to resolve the transcendental dimension of government, as evidence from contemporary Italy shows. Emerging social movements, on the contrary, tend to root power in a polyphonic and heterogeneous social body. Lavoro intellettuale e dominio politico. Il nesso sapere-potere a partire dalle riflessioni di Nicos Poulantzas, more.
This short essay will briefly review the reflections of Nicos Poulantzas in his book State, Power, Socialism , focusing on the issue of intellectual work, understood as a practice of knowledge science, organizational skills, This issue involves directly into question both the studies of Antonio Gramsci, on the figure of the intellectual, and the contributions on the analytics of the power, provided by Michel Foucault in the late 70s, to which Poulantzas himself refers.
At the end of this writing we will try to draw conclusions to determine the role of the intellectual in the contemporary society, starting from the analysis of the examined thinkers, according to their theoretical coordinates. Teologia economica e mass media: il dispositivo glorioso nella filosofia di Giorgio Agamben more. In The Kingdom and the Glory Agamben interprets Glory as the fundamental apparatus of power languages, an empty center around which the western In The Kingdom and the Glory Agamben interprets Glory as the fundamental apparatus of power languages, an empty center around which the western governamental machine works.
The Glory is the transcendental of power, the device by which auctoritas and potestas are articulated. Therefore, Glory is the foundation of modern consensual democracies. In this sense mass-media are modern devices of power glorification. To deconstruct western governamental machine is necessary to show the role of Glory as a practice of legitimateness of power.
The concept of popular sovereignty establishes the ground for the study of Costitutional Right: concerning the in-force power, has it to be undertood starting from an inner perspective or from an outer one? By discerning the writing of a By discerning the writing of a law-text from its reading, this article moves from the ermeneutical understanding of the constitution that will affect the typing of the sovereign identity.
The text aims to locate the core moment of the transition from an idea of early sovereign to the realization of an original one. Since the XIXth century Industrial Revolution, modern technology has become a power which not only transforms our world but produces it. In other words, technology is now a political power. It is becoming a factor of strangeness whereas In this paper, we will try to define the main characteristics of this technological strangeness process which erases the imprint of the humankind on the world.
Natura umana e artificio politico. Da Machiavelli a noi more. La macchina della teologia politica e il posto del pensiero": riflessioni sotto forma di dialogo su filosofia, teologia, economia. Intervista a Roberto Esposito more. Starting from the book, the discussion focuses on the topics of economic and political Starting from the book, the discussion focuses on the topics of economic and political theology; the relationship between this book ant Esposito's previous work; the inclusion of "Due" in the Italian philosophical discussion as well as in the international debate on the problems arising from debt theme.
La formazione della pubblica opinione. Gramsci e Ortega a confronto more. Since the development of mass society and despite of its quantitative enlargement public opinion has been losing its vital critical function which is deemed to constitute the very basis of political legitimacy. This paper aims at This paper aims at analysing the relevance of the political theorisations of Gramsci and Ortega y Gasset — radically different in their fundamental assumptions but attentive to the same problems — concerning the role of intellectual activity as a necessary means for shaping an informed public opinion which could guarantee the effective practice of a responsible democracy.
Thus, it will be proved that solely through a reconsideration of the role of education within society it could be assigned a specific leading role to intellectuals in politics. L'immagine occulta more. In this paper I will analyze contemporary image technologies starting from the phenomenological theory of image. The phenomenological theory of image is based on an essential assumption: perception is an intuitive act, therefore in perceptual experience there is no mediation; on the contrary image consciousness that is the experience of perceiving something through an image always implies a mediation.
This essential phenomenological distinction is precisely what contemporary images deny. Moreover technical features of contemporary images produce not only theoretical but also political concerns. Images have power; but the power of contemporary image technologies is deeply ambiguous.
Esiti morali della moderna configurazione del potere more. The contemporary society is very different from the previous ones, but sign these differences a discontinuity between the contemporary one and the previous societies, or are the changes, although deep, contained into the same line of The contemporary society is very different from the previous ones, but sign these differences a discontinuity between the contemporary one and the previous societies, or are the changes, although deep, contained into the same line of development?
And so, mark the contemporary Western democracies a discontinuity with the totalitarianism of the last century, or are them different in the proceedings but not in purposes? In other words, live we really in a post-ideological era or not? And whether not, which is the form of the current ideology and its framework?
Developing this reasoning will be taken in consideration, integrating each other, the political theory and the moral philosophy of Th.
Marx the Heretic
Adorno, M. Foucault, J. Habermas, M. Horkheimer, H. Marcuse, A.
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Negri, P. Pasolini, in order to disclose a critical way for observing reality and its main phenomena. Il potere di Foucault in Bentham. Frammenti di un confronto more. Famously, Foucault claimed that Bentham's Panopticon is the model of modern disciplinary society. Foucault put Bentham's project of a new penitentiary at the centre stage of his exposition of the birth of biopolitics.
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This article focuses This article focuses on Foucault's conception of power as a ubiquitous relation , where governors and subjects are fading, and resistance is the counterpart of power. It is claimed that going beyond the Panopticon, a similar conception of power could be found in Bentham's writings on law and constitutional theory. Accordingly, Foucault's conception of power can be found in, and reconciled with, a different framework, at the service of a liberal-democratic conception of State and society.
Robespierre chez Machiavel? Robespierre himself spoke in various occasions of Machiavelli as a model for tyranny, despotism, evil in ethics and politics - just the contrary for the conduct he praised during Robespierre himself spoke in various occasions of Machiavelli as a model for tyranny, despotism, evil in ethics and politics - just the contrary for the conduct he praised during the French Revolution.
So, it can be fruitful to give an interpretation of the famous cult celebrating the Supreme Being and the immortality of the soul, in the French context as much as in the Machiavellian perspective. The difficulty does not concern the collocation of the authority, but that of its subject, the latter having to be able to receive it responsibly and with right and proper means.
But what would happen if Caterina Sforza: the shifting representation of a woman ruler in early Modern Italy more. Her powerful Medici descendants further tempered her legend without diminishing her fame. Compie studi umanistici e musicali, diplomandosi in pianoforte con D.
Organizza e dirige il gruppo di teatro musicale Intermedia Ha composto opere per orchestra, da camera, ensembles , strumenti solisti con molta attenzione per il gesto teatrale e una penetrante indagine grafica sovente portato di una inquieta analisi di matrice esoterica. Con Egisto Macchi. Giovanni Guaccero , Rome [I] Ha studiato Pianoforte con Annamaria Gatti. Collabora stabilmente con l' Ensemble Colosseum ; si interessa di musica extracolta, in particolare, di musica popolare del Brasile.
Eric Guillou , landscape designer, Paris, France. Tipologie e restauro. Active as a professional jazz pianist already during his high school period, he graduated in Classical piano at the Mozarteum Academy Salzburg, Austria in From to works as promotion manager and copyrighter for the Classical Music section of Philips Records International. Studies Musicology at the University of Uthrecht and Amsterdam specializing in Afro-American music and Arabic music classical and folk — field work in Egypt and Iraq — graduating in Field trips to Cuba and A Companion for the Musical Explorer.
Rolfe Horn , [Walnut Creek, Ca. He received multiple awards for his black and white photographs of the California landscape and recognition for pioneering interactive digital photography. On his Bachelor of Arts degree from Brooks Institute , he was named as the most outstanding graduate of his class and presented with a plaque in recognition of his accumulated achievements in landscape and digital photography.
After graduation, he assisted the renowned photographer, Michael Kenna, from to His photographs have been highlighted in various books, classical music albums, and magazine articles over the past few years. His photos have been shown in numerous exhibitions and are held in many private and public collections.. Husnein , researcher in Islamic religious literature, Alger, Alger. Fuad M. Kaabazi , poet and man of letters, Tripoli, Libya.
Ha studiato Composizione con G. Constinescu, C. Dodge, M. Subotnick e L. Dal si dedica alla scienza armonicale sulla scorta degli studi su Pitagora, Keplero e von Thimus. I suoni nascosti nei tre templi greci di Paestum. Ha composto opere per orchestra, per strumento solo, vocali, per nastro e coro. Studied church music in Braunschweig, composition, piano, analysis and acoustic theory in Detmold, music representation techniques in Cologne and computer technique in Bonn.
He attended the Darmstadt music summer schools for several years, later as a lecturer. During this period he also wrote orchestral and chamber music for piano, string quartet, woodwind quintet. From he was an assistant in the radio drama department at the Cologne academy of music, where he taught electronic music, composition and analysis from In Koenig moved to the Netherlands. Until he was director and later chairman of the Institute of Sonology at the University of Utrecht.
During this period the Institute acquired a worldwide reputation, particularly for its annual Sonology course. Koenig also lectured extensively in the Netherlands and other countries and developed his computer programs "Project 1" and "Project 2", designed to formalize the composition of musical structure-variants. He continued to produce electronic works Terminus 2 , the series of Funktionen. Since , when the Institute moved from Utrecht University to the Royal Conservatory at The Hague, Koenig has continued to compose, produce computer graphics and develop musical expert systems.
A fourth volume followed in The fifth is scheduled for ; the sixth will be a complete thematic index.