Twelve of Stevenson's letters from the years are excerpted, along with his essay "A Chapter on Dreams," in which he comments on the plot's origin. Hyde's initial reception. Stevenson's tale "Markheim," a precursor to Jekyll and Hyde and a window onto the Victorian sensation market, is reprinted in its entirety in this Norton Critical Edition. Four scientific essays--including one by Stephen Jay Gould--elucidate Victorian conceptions of atavism, multiple-personality disorder, narcotics addiction, and sexual aberration.
Judith R. Walkowitz and Walter Houghton consider the implications of Victorian moral conformity and political disunity for society at large. Alex Pinkston, Jr. Hyde has been dramatized over more than a century and explores its status as a perpetually effective vehicle for changing psychological and social concerns. A checklist of major performance adaptions is provided, along with a sampler of publicity photos. Chesterton, Vladimir Nabokov, Peter K. Garrett, Patrick Brantlinger, and Katherine Linehan that center on the tale's major themes of morality, allegory, and self-alienation.
A Chronology and Selected Bibliography are also included. Other books in this series. Frankenstein Mary Shelley.
- Robert Louis Stevenson.
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- Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde;
Add to basket. Paradise Lost John Milton. Hamlet William Shakespeare. Hyde Robert Louis Stevenson. Heart of Darkness Joseph Conrad. Blake's Poetry and Designs William Blake. The Waste Land T. Great Expectations Charles Dickens. The Tempest William Shakespeare. Macbeth William Shakespeare. Jane Eyre Bronte. The problem of opposition or dissociation of good and evil arises here in a novel where terror and intrigue flow in parallel doses.
Marheim will offer us the already personalized evil: the devil as a purified form of his presence in the world and a scrupulous censor of the acts performed by man. Olalla is an impossible love story, set in a "gothic novel" scenario, with touches of terror underscored by a prophecy of fire and destruction. Before reading this review I propose something to you, think about a situation where you have acted badly and your behavior has been punished, reproved and badly seen.
Have you already identified it? I'm sure it has happened to you even though you are the "best person in the world". But do not torment yourself because the binomial of goodness-badness in the human being is not a novelty, because it has been analyzed from all points of view and throughout the years, from philosophy to psychology. Now, imagine that you could detach yourself from that evil part of you.
Does it sound like science fiction? Well, in this story everything can be possible. Precisely this theme used Robert Stevenson for The strange case of Dr. Smith is excellent, leading to significant reevaluation. Lewis is a fuller collection but more controversial.
Calder is an accessible teaching edition. Calder, Angus, ed. Selected Poems. Harmondsworth, UK: Penguin, Lewis, Roger C. Edinburgh centenary edition; no line numbers except in Ballads. Differs from Smith in the selections from unpublished material. Greater emphasis on variants and more annotation but controversial in its choice of copy text. Smith, Janet Adam, ed. Collected Poems. The most illuminating collections are those that focus on specific areas. Hart, James D. From Scotland to Silverado. Cambridge, MA: Belknap, Uses the Edinburgh edition Colvin — , cited under Collected Works for most of the text.
Some footnotes on the text are included. Also includes revised and unrevised material. Hubbard, Thomas, and Duncan Glen, eds. Edinburgh: Mercat, Annotated selection of excerpts from essays, fiction, letters, and poems relating to various parts of Scotland. Includes two previously unpublished pieces. Rennie, Neil, ed. Stevenson in the South Seas. Sanger, Andrew, ed.
Heathfield, UK: Cockbird, Stevenson was a prolific essayist, and Treglown gives a sense of his range. Scottish essays are included in Gelder His literary essays have received increased critical attention. Norquay argues for their significant theorizing of fiction making and reading. Meleisea provides access to text seen as increasingly important in nonfiction writing. Gelder, Kenneth, ed. The Scottish Short Stories and Essays. Meleisea, Malama, ed. Charleston, SC: BiblioLife, Norquay, Glenda, ed. Fourteen essays with notes on publication and an introduction that situates Stevenson as a theorist of literary performance.
Detailed annotations. Treglown, Jeremy, ed. The Lantern-Bearers and Other Essays. London: Chatto and Windus, Illustrates the wide range of essays that Stevenson wrote, including two essays previously unpublished. Much of his work was published first in magazines, then in book form.
The particular dynamics of production in the later years were problematic, with Stevenson increasingly at a distance from publishing centers and inevitably dependent on friends, such as Sidney Colvin and Charles Baxter, for editorial and negotiating tasks. His family was involved in posthumous publications, which complicates many texts, making the copy text frequently less than obvious. Menikoff cited under Novellas and Menikoff cited under Novels insist on the superiority of the manuscript version; others argue that Stevenson may have been involved in subsequent corrections.
For details of the textual production, see Swearingen cited under Bibliographies ; for evaluative assessment of 20th- and 21st-century editions, see Swearingen cited under Bibliographies: Critical.
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Dury is precise, accurate, and well annotated, drawing on previous debates highlighted by Veeder and Hirsch cited under The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde. Dury is more fully in dialogue with the text. Linehan is a good undergraduate edition, while Danahay provides a range of contextual material. Danahay, Martin, ed. Peterborough, Canada: Broadview, Teaching edition with good contextual and critical material. Includes other relevant writing by Stevenson. Has been criticized for errors in biographical information.
Dury, Richard, ed. The fullest and most scholarly edition. Contains a lengthy introduction and detailed notes. Appendix on derivative works: fiction, film and stage, music, comic books and graphic novels, and video games. Bibliographies include an annotated checklist of Jekyll and Hyde criticism —; extensive bibliography in English and other languages. Linehan, Katherine, ed. Strange Case of Dr. New York: Norton, First appearance of Stevenson in the Norton Critical Edition series. Includes background and contexts, material on production and reception, excerpts from various critical interpretations, scientific contexts, performances and adaptations, chronology, and a good range of textual variants.
Scholarly but also a useful teaching edition. Menikoff, Barry. Based on a manuscript fair copy; important in its contextualization of the process from manuscript to print. Includes a substantial essay examining changes in both substantives and accidentals, arguing that this version offers greater realism and more ambiguity than the original publication. Fascinating study of the world in which Stevenson published.
Gelder focuses on Scotland. Bell presents a wider selection but less information. Bell, Ian, ed. South Sea Tales. Helpful introduction challenges the assumption by Henry James that even in his South Seas tales Scotland was a central reference point for Stevenson. Explanatory notes and a map. First published in Hyde and Nineteen Other Tales. New York: Modern Library, There are surprisingly few scholarly editions of the novels.
Treasure Island is one of the few texts where good scholarly and teaching editions are available. Katz is detailed on both the text and its history, while Hunt is an excellent undergraduate edition. The most illuminating illustrated edition is that illustrated by Mervyn Peake: Stevenson Menikoff demonstrates an insistence on the manuscript as copy text in Kidnapped. Letley is a good teaching edition. There is no full scholarly edition of The Master of Ballantrae , although Letley and Jumeau are useful versions in English and French, respectively.
Kerrigan is controversial. Hinchcliffe and Kerrigan is the only scholarly edition of The Ebb-Tide. Hinchcliffe, Peter, and Catherine Kerrigan, eds. Centenary edition controversially based on the American Stone and Kimball book publication. Plays down the collaborative role of Lloyd Osbourne and follows the criticized chronology of the Weir of Hermiston edition Kerrigan Hunt, Peter, ed. Treasure Island. Attractive edition with the illustration on the cover. Jumeau, Alain, ed. Edited by an established translator and Victorianist.
Substantial introduction, chronology, notes, select bibliography, and postscript by the novelist Jean Echonez, who was influenced by Stevenson. Katz, Wendy R. Good scholarly edition. Covers revisions between Young Folks and the book publication and acknowledged sources. Weir of Hermiston. Edinburgh centenary edition; it is the only scholarly version of the unfinished novel.
Criticized by Swearingen cited under Bibliographies: Critical. Letley, Emma, ed. Based on the Swanston edition but restoring the first-edition spellings e. Kidnapped and Catriona. Contains notes, bibliography, and chronology. Follows the book edition but references revisions from the Edinburgh edition Colvin — , cited under Collected Works in explanatory notes. Stevenson, Robert Louis.
Drawings by Mervyn Peake.
1850 - 1894
Dark and illuminating illustrations that successfully capture the violence of the novel. Following a critical backlash against Stevenson in the early 20th century, studies tended toward defensive positions, often focusing on a single topic. Since the s, attention is wider ranging, reading Stevenson in terms of imperialism, gender and sexuality, and literary theory. He has been situated within wider Scottish contexts and within adventure and imperialist genres, making the connections between the Scottish and South Seas fiction more evident, read as a precursor of modernism, and used to theorize popular fiction and literary consumption.
The playing out of scientific developments in his fiction and his relationship to modes of the gothic have further extended the cultural contexts his work is placed in. Lateth- and earlyst-century interest in postcolonial writing has likewise attracted further attention to this South Seas fiction, perhaps one of the liveliest areas of research.
The many useful collections of essays available demonstrate the growth of critical interest, as does the Journal of Stevenson Studies cited under General Overviews. Inevitably some works have received more attention than others. Discussions of Kidnapped , The Master of Ballantrae , and Weir of Hermiston feature in almost all general studies, and the South Seas fiction is receiving greater attention. For guides through the body of critical work, see the RLS Website cited under Bibliographies and Swearingen and Niederhoff both cited under Bibliographies: Critical. Early studies, apart from Daiches cited under General Overviews , present themselves as interventions in a critically neglected field see Saposnik , cited under General Overviews or concentrate on a single aspect, for example, Kiely , Eigner , and Naugrette , which focus on major novels.
Reid is an important assessment of science and anthropological thinking. Buckton, Oliver S. Densely argued and stimulating. Eigner, Edwin M. Robert Louis Stevenson and Romantic Tradition. Situates his use of doubles within romance tradition. Jolly, Roslyn. Reinforces Reid on ethnography. Illuminating readings across fiction, letters, and political writings on Samoa. Kiely, Robert. Robert Louis Stevenson and the Fiction of Adventure.
Influential early study. Traces the adventure motif in the range of novels but also finds recurring patterns of adventure in other writings. Covers all major novels. Naugrette, Jean-Pierre.
Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and Other Tales
Norquay, Glenda. Concentrates on essays and selected fiction, arguing that Stevenson drew upon and against Calvinist thinking on art to become a significant analyst of literary consumption in his time, anticipating later thinking on reading dynamics. Reid, Julia. Reevaluates his theories of romance, degeneration, and the relationship between Scottish and Samoan writing. Sandison, Alan. Illuminating demonstration of protomodernist techniques in a range of works. Based on an understanding of his life and work as a crisis of paternity.
Fielding cited under General Overviews is a good general introduction covering all genres. Calder includes important essays. Noble reflects the defensiveness of earlier approaches. Ambrosini and Dury ; Jones ; and Dryden, et al. Liebregts and Tigges gains force by its juxtapositions of different writers from the late 19th century. Ambrosini, Richard, and Richard Dury, eds.
Robert Louis Stevenson: Writer of Boundaries. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, Important collection from a conference that defined subsequent areas of research on the South Seas fiction as well as the relationship to popular culture, gender and sexuality, science, and cultural crossings.
Significant essays by Stephen Arata, Oliver S. Calder, Jenni, ed. Stevenson and Victorian Scotland. See Gifford and Harvie both cited under Scottish Contexts. Lubbock: Texas Tech University Press, Jones, William B. Colley and Stevenson as a popular author Richard Ambrosini. Liebregts, Peter, and Wim Tigges, eds. Commemorates writers who died in Alblas cited under Bibliographies: Critical reviews editions and translations. Noble, Andrew, ed. London: Vision, Influential early collection characterized by a certain defensiveness. Gifford argues for the wider importance of his fiction.
Menikoff is a major analysis of his understanding of Scottish history, also considered in Cowan Fielding is on his deployment of Scots. Norquay cited under General Criticism situates his analysis of reading in the context of Calvinist influences. McCracken-Flesher employs a postcolonial approach. Harvie addresses his politics. Wickman is a theoretically ambitious situating of Stevenson in relation to Sir Walter Scott and the Highlands.
Cowan, Edward J. Edited by Edward J. Cowan and Douglas Gifford. Edinburgh: John Donald, Wide ranging and ambitious, this looks at uses of orality in organizing cultural and aesthetic experiences. Gifford, Douglas. Edited by Jenni Calder, 62— Reads Master as a romantic and symbolic novel, situating it alongside English and Scottish fiction. Harvie, Christopher. Edited by Jenni Calder, — McCracken-Flesher, Caroline. Scott, Stevenson, and England. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, Traces the scholarship that went into Kidnapped and David Balfour , books not written for scholarly audiences.
Wickman, Matthew. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, Wide-ranging, philosophically ambitious, and sophisticated analysis of representations of the Highlands.
SparkNotes: Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Dryden, et al. Hillier is an earlier survey of the South Seas fiction. Some of the liveliest debates and newest research in Stevenson studies are taking place in this area. Bristow, Joe.
London: HarperCollins Academic, Significant revaluation of the adventure genre as a construction of masculinities and empire. Includes Treasure Island in a discussion of an obsessive focus on boyhood in a range of imperial adventures but suggests that this romance collapses under the brutal realism of Samoa. Colley, Ann C. Robert Louis Stevenson and the Colonial Imagination. Fowler, Alastair. Edited by Ian Campbell, — Manchester, UK: Carcanet,