Wundervölker, Monstrosität und Hässlichkeit im Mittelalter (German Edition)

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Nicotine protects cultured striatal neurones against N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor-mediated neurotoxicity. Nicotine protects cultured cortical neurons against glutamate-induced cytotoxicity via alpha 7-neuronal receptors and neuronal CNS receptors. Brain Res.

Investigation of synapse formation by novel nanoscale imaging techniques

The alpa7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtype mediates nicotine protection against NMDA excitotoxicity in primary hippocampal cultures through a calcium ion dependent mechanism. Nicotine-induced neuroprotection against NMDA or beta-amyloid peptide occur through independent mechanisms distinguished by proin?


J Neurochem. Stimulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor protects motor neurons. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. Curr Alzheimer Res. Kawamata J, Shimohama S. Stimulating nicotinic receptors trigger multiple pathways attenuating cytotoxicity in models of Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Allosteric alpha-7 nicotinic receptor modulation and P50 sensory gating in schizophrenia: a proof-of-mechanism study.

Evaluating the role of the alpha-7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor in the pathophysiology and treatment of schizophrenia. Biochem Pharmacol. Expression of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subtypes in brain and retina. Mol Brain Res. Three subtypes of a-Bgt-sensitive nicotinic ACh receptors are expressed in chick retina. J Neurosci. Neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors of ganglion cells in the cat retina. Jpn J Physiol. Direction selectivity in the retina: symmetry and asymmetry in structure and function. Nat Rev Neurosci.

Roles of Amacrine Cells.

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Famiglietti EV. On and off pathways through amacrine cells in mammalian retina: the synaptic connections of "starburst" amacrine cells. Vision Res. Brandon C. Cholinergic neurons in the rabbit retina: dendritic branching and ultrastructural connectivity. Masland RH. Amacrine cells. Trends Neurosci.

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A developmental switch in the excitability and function of the starburst network in the mammalian retina. The many roles of starburst amacrine cells. Starburst amacrine cells change from spiking to nonspiking neurons during retinal development. Acetylcholine synthesis by displaced amacrine cells.

A novel synaptic plasticity rule explains homeostasis of neuromuscular transmission | eLife

Cholinergic amacrine cells of the rabbit retina contain glutamate decarboxylase and gamma-aminobutyrate immunoreactivity. Necessity of acetylcholine for retinal directionally selective responses to drifting gratings in rabbit. J Physiol.

How to Self-Edit Your Novel

GABA-like immunoreactivity in cholinergic amacrine cells of the rabbit retina. Co-release of acetylcholine and gamma-aminobutyric acid by a retinal neuron. Specific effects of neurotransmitter antagonists on ganglion cells in rabbit retina. The only penalty or cost is the requirement for more real-estate for the additional PCM devices.

To test our architecture, we trained both spiking and a non-spiking neural networks. Our data selected is a popular one — the MNIST data set of handwritten digits and our task is handwritten digit recognition — essentially our network needs to recognize what number is appearing from the handwritten images. In both cases, we see that the multi-memristive synapse significantly outperforms the conventional differential architectures with 2 devices, clearly illustrating the effectiveness of the proposed architecture. A highlight of the work is an experimental demonstration of the multi-memristive synaptic architecture in a spiking neural network using more than 1 million phase-change memory devices.

The architecture is applicable to a wide range of neural networks and memristive technologies and is crossbar-compatible. The proposed architecture and its experimental demonstration are a significant step towards the realization of highly efficient, large-scale neural networks based on memristive devices with typical, experimentally observed non-ideal characteristics.

Supplementary files

I am extremely proud to announce that our work is now published in Nature Communications! Nature Communications neuromorphic paper PCM. Previous Post. Next Post. AI Hardware. Continue reading. IBM researchers introduce accumulation bit-width scaling, addressing a critical need in ultra-low-precision hardware for training deep neural networks. IBM Research shares new results at SysML that push the envelope for deep learning inference, enabling high accuracy down to 2-bit precision.

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