In most civil law jurisdictions, courts function under an inquisitorial system. In the common law system, most courts follow the adversarial system.
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Procedural law governs the rules by which courts operate: civil procedure for private disputes for example ; and criminal procedure for violation of the criminal law. In recent years international courts are being created to resolve matters not covered by the jurisdiction of national courts.
Television show courts, which are not part of the judicial system and are generally private arbitrators , are depicted within the court show genre; however, the courts depicted have been criticized as misrepresenting real-life courts of law and the true nature of the legal system. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For other uses, see Court disambiguation. The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with Western culture and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this article , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Jurisdiction. The Oxford Companion to Law.
Court - Wikipedia
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The Rule of Law at the National and International Levels
Courts have the responsibility to interpret the Constitution's meaning, as well as the meaning of any laws passed by Congress. The Federalist 78 states further that, if any law passed by Congress conflicts with the Constitution, "the Constitution ought to be preferred to the statute, the intention of the people to the intention of their agents. It only supposed that the power of the people is superior to both; and that where the will of the legislature, declared in its statutes, stands in opposition to that of the people, declared in the Constitution, the judges ought to be governed by the latter rather than the former.
They ought to regulate their decisions by the fundamental laws, rather than by those which are not fundamental. The American democratic system is not always based upon simple majority rule. There are certain principles that are so important to the nation that the majority has agreed not to interfere in these areas.