There are also some punctuation marks which can easily be mistaken as the even look identical.
Two of them are doubtless the apostrophe and the single quotation mark. To indicate possession means to show that something belongs to somebody, e.
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But you can find an overview of the exact application at Wikipedia. The second aim of apostrophes is to serve as a substitute for one or more omitted letters. In this case an apostrophe contracts a word and it stands for the dropped letter s , e. Apostrophes are also used to form the plural of lowercase letters or certain numbers. Quotation marks are a kind of punctuation marks, which always comes in pairs with an opening and a closing mark bracketing a chosen text or word.
The aim of quotation marks is to emphasize different parts of a text, to signalize direct speech, dialogues or quotations, as well as to set off titles, phrases or just single words. Quotation marks are also called inverted commas, speech marks, or quotes. Read more about quotation marks at Wikipedia. The danger of confusion consists in the identical form of the closing single quotation mark and the apostrophe.
The basic rule is to alternate your usage of single and double quotation marks, one inside the other. If you use the American style and put double quotation marks around speech, use the single variety for speech within speech. If you use the British style of single quotation marks, use the double variety inside.
Quotation quandaries solved: how to use quotation marks like an expert
Take a look at this example:. Good typographers sometimes put small amounts of space, called a thin space, between the sets of quotation marks to make it a little easier for the reader to see them. American and British styles differ in whether commas and other punctuation are placed inside or outside of quotation marks.
The British place punctuation that is part of the quote within the quotation marks, including the exclamation mark and question mark.
Possessives : The Apostrophe
Find a good style manual and use it. Canadian writers typically follow American usage—but not always—while Australians and other post-colonial users of English will generally follow British usage. Bear in mind that styles are flexible, and some publishers will have their own way of doing things. If you want to add your own words in the middle of the quotation, put them in square brackets.
Single Quotation Marks Versus Double Quotation Marks
Anything more than a couple of lines long should be set out this way. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.
Using Single Quotation Marks
I refer to the vexed question of whether full stops and other punctuation marks go inside or outside the quotation marks. Well, it depends. Most authorities agree that if the full stop, comma, question mark or exclamation mark is part of the quotation, then it should go inside the closing quotation mark.
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In the following example, Timothy is asking the question, so the question mark goes inside the closing quote mark. Waiting for a good time to quit your job? This situation is different, however, if the quotation is interrupted at a spot where there are no punctuation marks. To sum up, if the punctuation mark is a part of the quotation, it goes inside the quotation marks.