There was a fourth figure, Electra's daughter, Harmonia ,  whom Cadmus took away as a bride, as Zeus had abducted Europa. The wedding was the first celebrated on Earth to which the gods brought gifts, according to Diodorus  and dined with Cadmus and his bride. Cadmus came in the course of his wanderings to Delphi , where he consulted the oracle.
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He was ordered to give up his quest and follow a special cow, with a half moon on her flank, which would meet him, and to build a town on the spot where she should lie down exhausted. The cow was given to Cadmus by Pelagon , King of Phocis , and it guided him to Boeotia , where he founded the city of Thebes. Intending to sacrifice the cow to Athena , Cadmus sent some of his companions, Deioleon and Seriphus to the nearby Ismenian spring for water. He was then instructed by Athena to sow the dragon's teeth in the ground, from which there sprang a race of fierce armed men, called the Spartoi "sown".
By throwing a stone among them, Cadmus caused them to fall upon one another until only five survived, who assisted him to build the Cadmeia or citadel of Thebes, and became the founders of the noblest families of that city. The dragon had been sacred to Ares , so the god made Cadmus do penance for eight years by serving him.
According to Theban tellings, it was at the expiration of this period that the gods gave him Harmonia "harmony", literally "well put together", or "well assembled" as wife . At the wedding, whether celebrated at Samothrace or at Thebes, all the gods were present; Harmonia received as bridal gifts a peplos worked by Athena and a necklace made by Hephaestus.
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This necklace, commonly referred to as the Necklace of Harmonia , brought misfortune to all who possessed it. Notwithstanding the divinely ordained nature of his marriage and his kingdom, Cadmus lived to regret both: his family was overtaken by grievous misfortunes, and his city by civil unrest.
Cadmus finally abdicated in favor of his grandson Pentheus , and went with Harmonia to Illyria , to fight on the side  of the Enchelii. Nevertheless, Cadmus was deeply troubled by the ill-fortune which clung to him as a result of his having killed the sacred dragon, and one day he remarked that if the gods were so enamoured of the life of a serpent, he might as well wish that life for himself. Immediately he began to grow scales and change in form. Harmonia, seeing the transformation, thereupon begged the gods to share her husband's fate, which they granted Hyginus. In another telling of the story, the bodies of Cadmus and his wife were changed after their deaths; the serpents watched their tomb while their souls were translated to the fields.
In Euripides ' The Bacchae , Cadmus is given a prophecy by Dionysus whereby both he and his wife will be turned into snakes for a period before eventually being brought to live among the blest. In Phoenician , as well as Hebrew , the Semitic root qdm signifies "the east", the Levantine origin of "Kdm" himself, according to the Greek mythographers; the equation of Kadmos with the Semitic qdm was traced to a publication of by R.
The fact that Hermes was worshipped in Samothrace under the name of Cadmus or Cadmilus seems to show that the Theban Cadmus was interpreted as an ancestral Theban hero corresponding to the Samothracian. Another Samothracian connection for Cadmus is offered via his wife Harmonia, who is said by Diodorus Siculus to be daughter of Zeus and Electra and of Samothracian birth. The "Wedding of Cadmus and Harmonia" is considered as a conceptual symbolic coupling of Eastern Phoenician learning with Western Greek love of beauty.
"Cadmus and Hermione" and "Perseus": Two Plays
He died tragicallly by getting killed by Ares the God of war. Cadmus was of ultimately divine ancestry, the grandson of the sea god Poseidon and Libya on his father's side, and of Nilus the River Nile on his mother's side; overall he was considered a member of the fifth generation of beings following the mythological creation of the world:.
Their youngest son was Illyrius. It has been argued by various scholars, that in a letter from the King of Ahhiyawa to the Hittite King, written in the Hittite language in c. The latter term most probably referred to the Mycenaean world Achaeans , or at least to a part of it.
The Syrian city of Al-Qadmus is named after Cadmus. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Cadmus disambiguation. Cadmus and the dragon, black-figured amphora from Euboea , —50 BC, Louvre.
Plutarch once admitted that he would rather be assisted by Lamprias , his own grandfather, than by Dionysus' grandfather, i. Histories , Book II, 2. Histories, Book V.
Fabulae , , as well as the letters described by Plutarch in Parallel Lives , Theseus, which were presented to Ariadne presumably sent from Theseus. Plutarch goes on to describe how Theseus erected a pillar on the Isthmus of Corinth , which bears an inscription of two lines. Archived from the original PDF on 30 December Retrieved 12 February The Greek Myths. London: Penguin published Retrieved 11 November His libretti can be read as lyrical dramas without the music.
The two plays included in this collection are retellings of the ancient legends of the Gods by the Roman poet Ovid. In Cadmus and Hermione, Cadmus, the founder of Thebes, rescues Hermione, daughter of Venus and Mars, from a giant who insists on marrying her. To accomplish this he slays a dragon and sows the creature's teeth, which turn into warriors who fight against him. Great Greek tragedy, of interest both to fans of the opera and of the drama. Read more Read less.
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