Bach: Sinfonia No. 6 in E Major, BWV - Ficks Music
This quality of the intrinsically musical—of moving, intertwining voices in dialogue with one another— is exquisitely embodied in the two and three-part inventions Inventions and Sinfonias that J. Bach devised as a cornerstone of keyboard playing and springboard to the two books of his Well-Tempered Clavier. The opening four notes—with the stepwise pattern C, D, E, F—outline a rising perfect fourth interval unfolding immediately after the silent downbeat, which lends to the figure a rhythmic lilt, an upward striving character.
The upper voice shaping this rising fourth is answered by the lower voice, as the left hand mimics the right, but just as this happens, the higher voice moves on to outline another rising fourth higher than the first figure —from G to the upper C— and with a broadened rhythm, the note-values twice as slow. This asymmetry of rhythm is important, conveying as it does the sense of a beginning and middle part to the initial motive.
In the third and fourth measures of the piece, the rising fourth is expressed in the left hand as B, C, D, E and then as G, A, B, C, now rendered as eight notes instead of sixteenth-notes, hence twice as slow as at the outset. Against this figure we hear as counterpoint in the right hand the falling fourths A, G, F, E and then F, E, D, C, but now written as sixteenths, the same rhythmic pacing as the initial figure of the piece.
Bach absorbs such relations into the broader rhythmic flow, leaving it to the player to nuance the interactions of the voices in dialogue.
In shaping this piece, Bach supplies two internal articulations or cadences: to the dominant G major measure 7 , and to the submediant A minor measure This strategy lends to this first invention a formal contour in three parts, but a sense of development and climax is present as well. Bach reserves a denser texture with sixteenth-notes in both hands for the passage in mm. Since this invention focuses so consistently on the interval of the fourth, Bach can effectively utilize the elongation of this pattern to the fifth—hence C, D, E, F, G—in the bass—as the springboard to the final measure, as added voices reinforce the closing sonority.
A mysterious inner causality endows even the most straightforward features of this music with a luminous quality. All of these marvelous inventions embody such ingenious musical conversations, while surveying a wide range of musical character. In the Invention No. Born in Berkeley, California in , pianist Karin Kei Nagano began studying piano at the age of three and has worked with a number of internationally celebrated pianists, including the late Germaine [ Johann Sebastian Bach.
Karin Kei Nagano. Release date March 10, Periods Baroque. Genres Piano. Download the booklet. Buy the album. Archambault — CD. They were originally written as musical exercises for his students. Forthright instruction, wherewith lovers of the clavier, especially those desirous of learning, are shown in a clear way not only 1 to learn to play two voices clearly, but also after further progress 2 to deal correctly and well with three obbligato parts, moreover at the same time to obtain not only good ideas, but also to carry them out well, but most of all to achieve a cantabile style of playing, and thereby to acquire a strong foretaste of composition.
The two groups of pieces are both arranged in order of ascending key , each group covering eight major and seven minor keys.
Bach, J.S.: 17 Three-Part Inventions (Sinfonias), BWV 787-801
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Bach titled the collection: Forthright instruction, wherewith lovers of the clavier, especially those desirous of learning, are shown in a clear way not only 1 to learn to play two voices clearly, but also after further progress 2 to deal correctly and well with three obbligato parts, moreover at the same time to obtain not only good ideas, but also to carry them out well, but most of all to achieve a cantabile style of playing, and thereby to acquire a strong foretaste of composition.
If you have trouble playing the files, see Wikipedia Media help. New York: Sony Classical. Compositions for organ , keyboard and lute by Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach Notebook A.
Bach Twelve Little Preludes.