Key was inspired upon viewing the American flag still flying over the fort at dawn, and wrote the poem "Defence of Fort M'Henry", which was published a week later.
Contribute to This Page
The poem was adapted to the tune of the popular song "To Anacreon in Heaven. Key was a lawyer in Maryland and Washington D. Supreme Court. Nominated for U. Key owned slaves from , during which time abolitionists ridiculed his words, that America was more like the "Land of the Free and Home of the Oppressed". Key publicly criticized slavery and gave free legal representation to some slaves seeking freedom, but also represented owners of runaway slaves as well.
Representing both slaves and slave owners is emblematic of his complex relationship with slavery. As District Attorney, Key suppressed abolitionists and didn't support an immediate end to slavery. Key was a devout Episcopalian. He was also an author of poetry, and often wrote on religious themes. It has been speculated that the U.
Francis Key's father was English settler Philip Key Scott Key's great-grandfather who resided near Leonardtown around , he married Susannah Gardiner and had seven children. However, very little of this ancestor is known. Key graduated from St. Skinner and Key were there to negotiate the release of prisoners, one of whom was Dr. William Beanes , a resident of Upper Marlboro, Maryland , who had been arrested after jailing marauding British troops who were looting local farms. Skinner, Key, and Beanes were not allowed to return to their own sloop because they had become familiar with the strength and position of the British units and with the British intent to attack Baltimore.
At dawn, Key was able to see an American flag still waving. He took it to Thomas Carr , a music publisher, who adapted it to the rhythms of composer John Stafford Smith 's " To Anacreon in Heaven ",  a popular tune Key had already used as a setting for his song "When the Warrior Returns", celebrating U. Though somewhat difficult to sing, it became increasingly popular, competing with " Hail, Columbia " as the de facto national anthem by the time of the Mexican—American War and American Civil War.
- Matt Lamb: The Art of Success.
- What So Proudly We Hailed: Francis Scott Key, A Life.
- MÉMOIRES DE LA VIE LITTÉRAIRE (French Edition);
- Francis Scott Key | American lawyer | pefawuqa.cf.
- Dont You Love Me Mummy!
- F. Scott Fitzgerald - Quotes, Books & Life - Biography!
Key was a leading attorney in Frederick, Maryland, and Washington, D. He and his family settled in Georgetown in or , near the new national capital. There the young Key assisted his uncle, the prominent lawyer Philip Barton Key , such as in the sensational conspiracy trial of Aaron Burr and the expulsion of Senator John Smith of Ohio. He made the first of his many arguments before the United States Supreme Court in Treasury auditor under former President John Quincy Adams for misappropriating public monies. He also handled the Petticoat affair concerning Secretary of War John Eaton , who had married a widowed saloonkeeper.
After the U. Senate approved the nomination, he served from to , while also handling his own private legal cases. Key purchased his first slave in or and owned six slaves in Throughout his career Key also represented several slaves seeking their freedom in court for free , as well as several masters seeking return of their runaway slaves. Over the next decade, beginning in , the administrators fought to enforce the will and provide the freed slaves land to support themselves.
What So Proudly We Hailed: Francis Scott Key, A Life by Marc Leepson
Key publicly criticized slavery's cruelties, so much that after his death a newspaper editorial stated "So actively hostile was he to the peculiar institution that he was called 'The Nigger Lawyer' Key convinced me that slavery was wrong—radically wrong. Key was a founding member and active leader of the American Colonization Society and its predecessor, the influential Maryland branch, the primary goal of which was to send free African-Americans back to Africa.
Key used his position as U. Attorney to suppress abolitionists. In , he secured a grand jury indictment against Benjamin Lundy , editor of the anti-slavery publication the Genius of Universal Emancipation , and his printer, William Greer, for libel after Lundy published an article that declared, "There is neither mercy nor justice for colored people in this district [of Columbia]". Lundy left town rather than face trial; Greer was acquitted. In August , Key agreed to prosecute botanist and doctor Reuben Crandall, brother of controversial Connecticut school teacher Prudence Crandall , who had recently moved to the national capital.
Key secured an indictment for "seditious libel" after two marshals who operated as slave catchers in their off hours found Crandall had a trunk full of anti-slavery publications in his Georgetown residence, five days after the Snow riot , caused by rumors that a mentally ill slave had attempted to kill an elderly white woman. In an April trial that attracted nationwide attention, Key charged that Crandall's actions instigated slaves to rebel.
Crandall's attorneys acknowledged he opposed slavery, but denied any intent or actions to encourage rebellion. Key, in his final address to the jury said:. Are you willing, gentlemen, to abandon your country, to permit it to be taken from you, and occupied by the abolitionist, according to whose taste it is to associate and amalgamate with the negro? Or, gentlemen, on the other hand, are there laws in this community to defend you from the immediate abolitionist, who would open upon you the floodgates of such extensive wickedness and mischief?
O Say Can You See – Seven Little-Known Facts About Francis Scott Key and the Star Spangled Banner
The jury acquitted Crandall. This defeat, as well as family tragedies in , diminished Key's political ambition. He resigned as district attorney in He remained a staunch proponent of African colonization and a strong critic of the antislavery movement until his death. Key was a devout and prominent Episcopalian. In his youth, he almost became an Episcopal priest rather than a lawyer. Throughout his life he sprinkled biblical references in his correspondence. He also helped found or financially support several parishes in the new national capital, including St. From until his death in , Key was associated with the American Bible Society.
The US national motto " In God We Trust " was adapted from a phrase in Key's "Star-Spangled Banner", the fourth stanza of which includes the phrase, "And this be our motto: 'In God is our Trust'", leading some to speculate that the phrase was derived from the song. On January 11, , Key died at the home of his daughter Elizabeth Howard in Baltimore from pleurisy  at age The Key Monument Association erected a memorial in and the remains of both Francis Scott Key and his wife, Mary Tayloe Lloyd, were placed in a crypt in the base of the monument. Taney , who would later become Chief Justice of the United States.
Senator George H.
- I Want Him Dead.
- The Running Iron.
- Broken Spoke!
- Key pens Star-Spangled Banner.
- Francis Scott Key - Wikipedia.
- Money: Speech of Hon. John P. Jones, of Nevada, On the Free Coinage of Silver; in the United States Senate, May 12 and 13, 1890.
Pendleton  and another, Ellen Lloyd, married Simon F. Key was a distant cousin and the namesake of F.
- Francis Scott Key Biography.
- Coyote Man.
- Francis Scott Key Poems.
- Francis Scott Key - Lawyer, Poet - Biography;
- Francis Scott Key;
- Key pens Star-Spangled Banner - HISTORY.
- Dancing in the Fire?
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 24 June Francis Scott Key. Baltimore , Maryland, U. Main article: The Star-Spangled Banner. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The Star-Spangled Banner On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep, Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes, What Share this poet:. Do you like this poet? Famous Poets. Best Poem of Francis Scott Key. Social Media. Delivering Poems Around The World.