In October he was delegated to greet Francesco Petrarch as he entered Florence and also to have the great man as a guest at his home during his stay.
The meeting between the two was extremely fruitful and they were friends from then on, Boccaccio calling Petrarch his teacher and magister. Petrarch at that time encouraged Boccaccio to study classical Greek and Latin literature. They met again in Padua in , Boccaccio on an official mission to invite Petrarch to take a chair at the university in Florence. Although unsuccessful, the discussions between the two were instrumental in Boccaccio writing the Genealogia deorum gentilium ; the first edition was completed in and this would remain one of the key reference works on classical mythology for over years.
Not a Love Story: Sexual Aggression, Law and Order in Decameron X 4 *
The discussions also formalized Boccaccio's poetic ideas. Certain sources also see a conversion of Boccaccio by Petrarch from the open humanist of the Decameron to a more ascetic style, closer to the dominant fourteenth century ethos. For example, he followed Petrarch and Dante in the unsuccessful championing of an archaic and deeply allusive form of Latin poetry.
In following a meeting with Pope Innocent VI and further meetings with Petrarch it is probable that Boccaccio took some kind of religious mantle. There is a persistent, but unsupported, tale that he repudiated his earlier works, including the Decameron , in , as profane.
In Boccaccio began work on De mulieribus claris , a book offering biographies of one hundred and six famous women, that he completed in Two centuries later, approximately in , this work was translated into the German language by Heinrich Steinhowel and printed by Johann Zainer, in Ulm, Germany. The secondary title caption, a subtitle, of the German translation reads. Following the failed coup of , a number of Boccaccio's close friends and other acquaintances were executed or exiled in the subsequent purge.
Although not directly linked to the conspiracy, it was in this year that Boccaccio left Florence to reside in Certaldo, and became less involved in government affairs. He did not undertake further missions for Florence until , and traveled to Naples and then on to Padua and Venice, where he met up with Petrarch in grand style at Palazzo Molina, Petrarch's residence as well as the place of Petrarch's library.
He later then returned to Certaldo. He met Petrarch only once again, in Padua in Upon hearing of the death of Petrarch July 19, , Boccaccio wrote a commemorative poem, including it in his collection of lyric poems, the Rime. He returned to work for the Florentine government in , undertaking a mission to Pope Urban V. When the papacy returned to Rome from Avignon in , Boccaccio was again sent to Urban, offering congratulations.
He also undertook diplomatic missions to Venice and Naples. Of his later works the moralistic biographies gathered as De casibus virorum illustrium —74 and De mulieribus claris — were most significant.
Other works include a dictionary of geographical allusions in classical literature, De montibus, silvis, fontibus, lacubus, fluminibus, stagnis seu paludibus, et de nominibus maris liber a title desperate for the coining of the word "geography". He gave a series of lectures on Dante at the Santo Stefano church in and these resulted in his final major work, the detailed Esposizioni sopra la Commedia di Dante. Boccaccio and Petrarch were also two of the most educated people in early Renaissance in the field of archaeology. Boccaccio's change in writing style in the s was not due just to meeting with Petrarch.
It was mostly due to poor health and a premature weakening of his physical strength.
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It also was due to disappointments in love. Some such disappointment could explain why Boccaccio, having previously written always in praise of women and love, came suddenly to write in a bitter Corbaccio style. Petrarch describes how Pietro Petrone a Carthusian monk on Boccaccio's death bed sent another Carthusian Gioacchino Ciani to urge him to renounce his worldly studies. Petrarch then dissuaded Boccaccio from burning his own works and selling off his personal library, letters, books, and manuscripts.
Petrarch even offered to purchase Boccaccio's library, so that it would become part of Petrarch's library. His final years were troubled by illnesses, some relating to obesity and what often is described as dropsy, severe edema that would be described today as congestive heart failure. He died at the age of sixty-three in Certaldo on 21 December , where he is buried. Children Boccaccio never married, but had three children.
Mario and Giulio were born in the s. In the s, Violente was born in Ravenna, where Boccaccio was a guest of Ostasio I da Polenta from about through Facsimile of Paris ed. De mulieribus claris , revised up to Decameron —52, revised Elegia di Madonna Fiammetta — Esposizioni sopra la Comedia di Dante — Filocolo — Filostrato or Genealogia deorum gentilium libri , revised up to Ninfale fiesolano within , this date is disputed Rime finished Teseida delle nozze di Emilia before Trattatello in laude di Dante , title revised to De origine vita studiis et moribus viri clarissimi Dantis Aligerii florentini poetae illustris et de operibus compositis ab eodem Zibaldone Magliabechiano within See Consoli's bibliography for an exhaustive listing.
Chronological List. Alphabetical List. Available Only List. Concerning Famous Women Hardcover.
Stories From the Decameron of Boccaccio Other. On Poetry Paperback. Fates of Illustrious Men Hardcover. The Filostrato of Giovanni Boccaccio Paperback. Nymph of Fiesole Hardcover. Chichibo and the Crane Hardcover.
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