Dancehall is a genre of Jamaican popular music that originated in the late s.
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Key elements of dancehall music include its extensive use of Jamaican Patois rather than Jamaican standard English and a focus on the track instrumentals or " riddims ". Dancehall saw initial mainstream success in Jamaica in the s, and by the s, it became increasingly popular in Jamaican diaspora communities. In the s, dancehall experienced worldwide mainstream success, and by the s, it began to heavily influence the work of established Western artists and producers, which has helped to further bring the genre into the Western music mainstream. Dancehall is named after Jamaican dance halls in which popular Jamaican recordings were played by local sound systems.
They began in the late s among people from the inner city of Kingston , who were not able to participate in dances uptown. Musically, older rhythms from the late s were recycled, with Sugar Minott credited as the originator of this trend when he voiced new lyrics over old Studio One rhythms between sessions at the studio, where he was working as a session musician. Yellowman, one of the most successful early dancehall artists, became the first Jamaican deejay to be signed to a major American record label, and for a time enjoyed a level of popularity in Jamaica to rival Bob Marley 's peak.
Other female dancehall stars include artistes like Diana King and in the late s to the s Ce'cile , Spice , Macka Diamond and more. Sound systems and the development of other musical technology heavily influenced dancehall music. The music needed to "get where the radio didn't reach" because Jamaicans oftentimes were outside without radios. Sound systems allowed people to listen to music without having to buy a radio. Therefore, the dancehall culture grew as the use of technology and sound systems got better.
The Jamaican dancehall scene was one created out of creativity and a desire for accessibility, and one that is inseparable from sound system culture. At the onset of the dancehall scene, sound systems were the only way that some Jamaican audiences might hear the latest songs from popular artist. Through time, it transformed to where the purveyors of the sound systems were the artists themselves and they became whom the people came to see along with their own original sounds.
With the extreme volume and low bass frequencies of the sound systems local people might very well feel the vibrations of the sounds before they could even hear them, though the sound itself did travel for miles. Jamaica was one of the first cultures to pioneer the concept of remixing. As a result, production level and sound system quality were critical to Jamaica's budding music industry.
Since many locals couldn't afford sound systems in their home, listening to one at a dance party or at a festival was their entry into audible bliss. The success of music wasn't just in the hands of one person anymore, it was a factor of the DJ, speaking poetic words to the audience, the Selector, harmonizing beats in an aesthetically pleasing way, and the Sound Engineer, wiring the sound systems to handle deeper and louder bass tones.
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Music became a factor of many elements and the physicality of that sound was a strategic puzzle left for musicians to solve. King Jammy 's hit, " Under Me Sleng Teng " by Wayne Smith , with an entirely-digital rhythm hook took the dancehall reggae world by storm. Many credit this song as being the first digital rhythm in reggae, featuring a rhythm from a Casio MT keyboard. However, this is not entirely correct since there are earlier examples of digital productions, such as Horace Ferguson's single "Sensi Addict" Ujama produced by Prince Jazzbo in This deejay-led, largely synthesized chanting with musical accompaniment departed from traditional conceptions of Jamaican popular musical entertainment.
Dub poet Mutabaruka said, "if s reggae was red, green and gold, then in the next decade it was gold chains".
It was far removed from reggae's gentle roots and culture, and there was much debate among purists as to whether it should be considered an extension of reggae. This shift in style again saw the emergence of a new generation of artists, such as Buccaneer , Capleton and Shabba Ranks , who became the biggest ragga star in silage the world.
By the early s, Dancehall had gained mainstream popularity in Jamaica, as well as in the United States and Western parts of Europe. This was first seen with artists such as Sean Paul , whose single " Get Busy " became the first dancehall single to reach number one on the US Billboard Hot Unlike earlier Dancehall, the new evolution of Dancehall music was characterized by using structures of music commonly heard in mainstream pop music , such as repeated choruses, melodic tunes, and hooks.
Sometimes the lyrics were cleaner and featured less sexual content and profanity.
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Vegas , Mavado Lady Saw and Spice , some of whom saw international success. The Gaza vs Gully feud in Jamaica started between rival Dancehall greats Vybz Kartel and Mavado in the early s and was a reason for the civil war in Jamaica, until they called for peace in , after the authorities took an interest. The feud sparked diss tracks between the artists that continued after they publicly denounced the rivalry. The reminiscence is still present in the loyalty between up and coming artists in Jamaica, for example, Popcaan was an known affiliate of Vybz Kartel after Vybz Kartel gave him his first major feature on track "Clarks"in This meant that Popcaan would never work with Mavado and when Alkaline came up he would never work with Vybz Kartel but Alkaline did produce tracks with Mavado.
Jahmiel followed this pattern and joined onto Alkaline's side in his come up, and contrary to that Masicka , who joined Popcaan's side. Each of the artists on both sides have sent diss tracks for artists on the other side and has been a major force in creative content and music produced from each side. It also seems that UK artists who work with Jamaican artists also take sides.
Chip rapper seems to have taken Alkaline 's side, and J Hus on Popcaan's side. Although they have never publicly announced this. This is with the exception of Stefflon Don who has worked with both artists. Dancehall saw a new wave of popularity in Western markets in the mid-late s, with immense commercial success being achieved by a number of dancehall-pop singles, including Rihanna's " Work " and Drake's " One Dance " and " Controlla " A variety of western artists have spoken of being inspired by Dancehall music, including Major Lazer , whose commercially successful singles Lean On , Light It Up and Run Up all heavily rely upon dancehall music.
Popcaan and Alkaline have always been rival music artists in Jamaica and it is much debated who the new Dancehall King, since Vybz Kartel was incarcerated in It has been said that Popcaan's success is largely due to early support from Vybz Kartel and more recent support from Drake. By , Dancehall had re-emerged into global popularity, artists such as Alkaline , Popcaan , Masicka , Jahmiel and Rygin King are known as some of the most profound and active artists of this period to date, as well as UK Dancehall artists such as Stefflon Don.
New Book: Man Vibes, Masculinities in Jamaican Dancehall
Competition is fierce in Jamaican Dancehall music as an active Dancehall artist might have to release over 12 singles per year to keep up. More information about this seller Contact this seller 4. Published by Ian Randle Publishers, Kingston She explores Jamaican masculinity through the male-dominiated dancehall space that is at once a celebration of the marginalized poor and also a challenge to social inequality.
More information about this seller Contact this seller 5. Published by Ian Randle Publishers, Jamaica. Seller Inventory ING More information about this seller Contact this seller 6. Ships same day or next business day! Used books may not include working access code. Used books will not include dust jackets.
Seller Inventory U. More information about this seller Contact this seller 7. Satisfaction Guaranteed! Book is in Used-Good condition. Pages and cover are clean and intact. Used items may not include supplementary materials such as CDs or access codes. May show signs of minor shelf wear and contain limited notes and highlighting. More information about this seller Contact this seller 8. More information about this seller Contact this seller 9.
Man Vibes: Maculinities in the Jamaican Dancehall
Ships with Tracking Number! May not contain Access Codes or Supplements. Apr 25, P. Haslam rated it really liked it Shelves: dancehall-and-caribbean. An excellent addition to Donna Hope's prolific writings on the Jamaican dancehall. This book is a very satisfying textual analysis of several themes in dancehall music, including promiscuity, violence, fashion and homophobia, and some cultural context for these.
Essential reading for anyone interested in this field.
Feb 03, Jaevion rated it liked it. Very interesting book.
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Provides some useful insight on how ideas of masculinities interact in the dancehall. Julie rated it really liked it Aug 16, Donna Hope rated it really liked it Jul 21, Pamela Marshall rated it really liked it Oct 09, Samuel Berston rated it really liked it May 15, Brittany rated it liked it Apr 15, Brooklyn Ariel rated it it was amazing Nov 17, Shahidah Siraaj marked it as to-read Jul 28, Nikhil P. Freeman marked it as to-read Oct 08, Mervianne Sargeant marked it as to-read Mar 19, Claire marked it as to-read Feb 03, Jus marked it as to-read Mar 11,