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Never Miss any Updates! Newsletters Sign Up Stay up to date with the latest news, information, and special offers. Cecilia st. Latest Videos on YouTube. Catholic Online Shopping St. Saints Fun Facts - St. Information Learn about Catholic world. Services Products and services we offer. After Joseph's first wife died, many years later when he was eighty, "he took Mary mother of Jesus ". The Catholic Encyclopedia citing the texts contained in the apocryphal writings writes that:.
St. Joseph The Worker, Patron Saint of Workers
When forty years of age, Joseph married a woman called Melcha or Escha by some, Salome by others; they lived forty-nine years together and had six children, two daughters and four sons, the youngest of whom was James the Less, "the Lord's brother". A year after his wife's death, as the priests announced through Judea that they wished to find in the tribe of Judah a respectable man to espouse Mary, then twelve to fourteen years of age.
Joseph, who was at the time ninety years old, went up to Jerusalem among the candidates; a miracle manifested the choice God had made of Joseph, and two years later the Annunciation took place. These dreams, as St. Jerome styles them [ Joseph was an old man at the time of marriage with the Mother of God. Josephology , the theological study of Saint Joseph, is one of the most recent theological disciplines. Together with the Blessed Virgin Mary and the Child Jesus , Joseph is one of the three members of the Holy Family ; since he only appears in the birth narratives of the Gospels, Jesus is depicted as a child when with him.
In , Pope Francis had his name added to the three other Eucharistic Prayers. March 19, Saint Joseph's Day, has been the principal feast day of Saint Joseph in Western Christianity   since the 10th century, and is celebrated by Catholics, Anglicans , many Lutherans and other denominations. In the Roman Catholic church, the Feast of St. Joseph 19 March is a solemnity first class if using the Tridentine calendar , and is transferred to another date if impeded i. Popular customs among Christians of various liturgical traditions observing Saint Joseph's Day are attending Mass or the Divine Service , wearing red-coloured clothing, carrying dried fava beans that have been blessed , and assembling home altars dedicated to Saint Joseph.
According to legend, there was a severe drought at the time, and the people prayed for their patron saint to bring them rain. They promised that if God answered their prayers through Joseph's intercession, they would prepare a large feast to honor him. The rain did come, and the people of Sicily prepared a large banquet for their patron saint. The fava bean was the crop which saved the population from starvation and is a traditional part of Saint Joseph's Day altars and traditions. Giving food to the needy is a Saint Joseph's Day custom.
In some communities it is traditional to wear red clothing and eat a Neapolitan pastry known as a zeppola created in by Don Pasquale Pinatauro in Napoli on Saint Joseph's Day. Upon a typical Saint Joseph's Day altar, people place flowers, limes, candles, wine, fava beans, specially prepared cakes, breads, and cookies as well as other meatless dishes , and zeppole. Foods are traditionally served containing bread crumbs to represent saw dust since Joseph was a carpenter.
Because the feast occurs during Lent, traditionally no meat was allowed on the celebration table. The altar usually has three tiers, to represent the Trinity. In , Pope Pius IX declared Joseph patron of the Universal Church and instituted another feast, a solemnity with an octave , to be held in his honour on Wednesday in the second week after Easter.
This date coincides with the secular International Workers' Day promoted by the labour movement and left-wing parties since the s, and reflects Joseph's status as patron saint of workers. Catholic and other Christian teachings and stories about or relating to Joseph and the Holy Family frequently stress his patience, persistence, courage, and hard work.
The Feast of Saint Joseph the Worker 1 May is an Optional Memorial, and so is omitted if impeded, unless the day is raised to a higher rank because Saint Joseph is the patron of the church, diocese, place, or institution.
Novena to St. Joseph
However, the 1 May celebration is 1st class in the Tridentine calendar, so in it Saint Joseph the Worker was celebrated on 2 May in because 1 May was Ascension Thursday and in because 1 May was in the Easter octave. Having died in the "arms of Jesus and Mary" according to Catholic tradition, he is considered the model of the pious believer who receives grace at the moment of death, in other words, the patron of a happy death.
Saint Joseph is the patron saint of a number of cities, regions and countries, among them the Americas , Austria , Belgium , Canada , China , Croatia , Indonesia , Mexico , Korea , Peru , the Philippines and Vietnam , as well as of families, fathers, expectant mothers pregnant women , explorers, pilgrims, travelers, immigrants , house sellers and buyers, craftsmen, engineers, and working people in general.
Many cities, towns, and locations are named after Saint Joseph. Joseph is the patron saint of the New World ; and of the regions Carinthia , Styria , Tyrol , Sicily ; and of several main cities and dioceses. Many churches, monasteries and other institutions are dedicated to Saint Joseph. Saint Joseph's Oratory is the largest church in Canada, with the largest dome of its kind in the world after that of Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome.
Elsewhere in the world churches named after the saint may be known as those of San Giuseppe , e. The Sisters of St. Joseph were founded as an order in and have about 14, members worldwide.
In , the Josephite Fathers of the Roman Catholic Church were created under the patronage of Joseph, intending to work with the poor. The first Josephites in America re-devoted their part of the Order to ministry within the newly emancipated African American community. The Oblates of St. Joseph were founded in by St.
Joseph Marello. Verily, Joseph the betrothed, saw clearly in his old age that the foresayings of the Prophets had been fulfilled openly; for he was given an odd earnest, receiving inspiration from the angels, who cried, Glory to God; for he hath bestowed peace on earth. In the Catholic tradition, just as there are prayers for the Seven Joys of Mary and Seven Sorrows of Mary , so there are also prayers for the seven joys and seven sorrows of Saint Joseph; these include prayers for daily protection, vocation, happy marriage, happy death, and hopeless cases;  specific prayers, novenas and devotions include the Prayer to Saint Joseph and the Novena to Saint Joseph.
Francis de Sales included Saint Joseph along with Virgin Mary as saints to be invoked during prayers in his Introduction to the Devout Life ,  Saint Teresa of Avila attributed her recovery of health to Saint Joseph and recommended him as an advocate,  and Saint Therese of Lisieux stated that for a period of time, every day she prayed to "Saint Joseph, Father and Protector of Virgins Glorious St. Joseph, pattern of all who are devoted to toil, obtain for me the grace to toil, in the spirit of penance, in order to thereby atone for my many sins There is a belief that planting a statue of St.
Joseph on a house will help sell the house. Up to about the 17th century Joseph tends to be depicted as a man advanced in years, with grey hair, often balding, occasionally frail, a comparatively marginal figure alongside Mary and Jesus if not entirely in the background, passive other than when leading them on their flight to Egypt. Joseph is shown mostly with a beard, not only in keeping with Jewish custom, but also because — although the Gospel accounts do not give his age — later literature tends to present him as an old man at the time of his wedding to Mary.
This depiction arose to allay concerns about both the celibacy of the newly wedded couple, [ citation needed ] the mention of brothers and sisters of Jesus in the canonical Gospels,  and Joseph's other children spoken of in apocryphal literature — concerns discussed very frankly by Jean Gerson for example, who nonetheless favoured showing him as a younger man.
In recent centuries — in step with a growing interest in Joseph's role in Gospel exegesis — he himself has become a focal figure in representations of the Holy Family. He is now often portrayed as a younger or even youthful man perhaps especially in Protestant depictions , whether going about his work as a carpenter, or participating actively in the daily life of Mary and Jesus as an equal and openly affectionate member.
In Guido Reni 's Nativity, Mary is about 15, and he is about 70 — for the real love affair — is the one between the Virgin Mary and us. She is young. She is perfect. She is virginal — it is Joseph's task to stand aside and let us desire her, religiously. It takes a particularly old, a particularly grey, a particularly kindly and a particularly feeble man to do that.
Banished in vast numbers to the backgrounds of all those gloomy stables in all those ersatz Bethlehems, his complex iconographic task is to stand aside and let his wife be worshipped by the rest of us. Full cycles of his life are rare in the Middle Ages, although the scenes from the Life of the Virgin or Life of Christ where he is present are far more often seen.
Some statues of Joseph depict his staff as topped with flowers, recalling the non-canonical Protoevangelion 's account of how Mary's spouse was chosen by collecting the walking sticks of widowers in Palestine, and Joseph's alone bursting into flower, thus identifying him as divinely chosen. The Golden Legend , which derives its account from the much older Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew , tells a similar story, although it notes that all marriageable men of the Davidic line and not only widowers were ordered by the High Priest to present their rods at the Temple. Several Eastern Orthodox Nativity icons show Joseph tempted by the Devil depicted as an old man with furled wings to break off his betrothal, and how he resists that temptation.
There are some paintings with him wearing a Jewish hat. Marriage to the Virgin , Perugino , c. Nativity of Jesus , Marten de Vos The Adoration of the Magi , Hans Memling , c. Temple presentation , di Fredi , Dream of Flight , Daniele Crespi , c. Flight to Egypt , Giotto , 14th century.
Finding in the Temple , Book of Hours , 15th century. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus. For other saints, see Saint Joseph disambiguation. For the Joseph of Genesis, see Joseph patriarch. Saint Joseph c. Main article: Saint Joseph's Day. Main articles: St. Joseph's dream , Rembrandt , c. Death of Joseph , St. Martin's at Florac. Wipf and Stock Publishers.
Legal father, because he cohabits with Mary, Jesus' mother. Through this title Mary is spared from false suppositions and Jesus from spurious origins. Indeed the angel who first tells St. Joseph about Jesus greets him as "Son of David," a royal title used also for Jesus. Compassion and Care St. Joseph was compassionate and caring.
When he discovered that Mary was pregnant after they had been betrothed, he knew the child was not his, but he was yet unaware that she was carrying the Son of God. He knew that women accused of adultery could be stoned to death, so he resolved to send Mary away quietly to not expose her to shame or cruelty. However, an angel came to St.
Joseph in a dream and told him, "Joseph, Son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins. Matthew Model of Obedience St. Joseph was obedient to God. When the angel came again to tell him that his family was in danger, he immediately left everything he owned, all his family and friends, and fled to a strange country with his young wife and their new baby.
He waited in Egypt without question until the angel told him it was safe to go back Matthew Model of Fatherhood St. Joseph loved Jesus.
His primary concern was for the safety of the child entrusted to him. Not only did he leave his home to protect Jesus, but upon his return, he settled in the obscure town of Nazareth for fear of their lives. On the occasion that Jesus stayed behind in the Temple, St. Joseph along with Mary searched with great anxiety for three days for him Luke Joseph treated Jesus as his own son.