It had its capital at Taiyuan. The smallest of the southern states, Jingnan — , was founded by Gao Jichang. It was based in Jiangling and held two other districts southwest of present-day Wuhan in Hubei.
It was a small and weak kingdom, and thus tried to maintain good relations with each of the Five Dynasties. The kingdom fell to advancing armies of the Song in The kingdom held most of present-day Sichuan , western Hubei , and parts of southern Gansu and Shaanxi.
Wang was named military governor of western Sichuan by the Tang court in The kingdom fell when his son surrendered in the face of an advance by the Later Tang in The Later Shu — is essentially a resurrection of the previous Shu state that had fallen a decade earlier to the Later Tang. Like the Former Shu, the capital was at Chengdu and it basically controlled the same territory as its predecessor.
The kingdom was ruled well until forced to succumb to Song armies in Expanding from the original domains of Wu , it eventually took over Yin, Min, and Chu, holding present-day southern Anhui, southern Jiangsu, much of Jiangxi, Hunan, and eastern Hubei at its height. The kingdom became nominally subordinate to the expanding Song in and was invaded outright in , when it was formally absorbed into Song China. Although more stable than northern China as a whole, southern China was also torn apart by warfare.
Wu quarrelled with its neighbours, a trend that continued as Wu was replaced with Southern Tang. In the s Min and Chu underwent internal crises which Southern Tang handily took advantage of, destroying Min in and Chu in With this, Southern Tang became the undisputedly most powerful regime in southern China. However, it was unable to defeat incursions by the Later Zhou between and , and ceded all of its land north of the Yangtze River.
The Song dynasty, established in , was determined to reunify China. Finally, Wuyue and Qingyuan Jiedushi gave up their land to Northern Song in , bringing all of southern China under the control of the central government. In common with other periods of fragmentation, the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period resulted in a division between northern and southern China.
The greater stability of the Ten Kingdoms, especially the longevity of Wu Yue and Southern Han, would contribute to the development of distinct regional identities within China.
How can the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period of China be described? - Quora
The distinction was reinforced by the Old History and the New History. Written from the northern viewpoint, these chronicles organized the history around the Five Dynasties the north , presenting the Ten Kingdoms the south as illegitimate, self-absorbed and indulgent. The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period turned away from the international cultural mood of the Tang dynasty and appears as a transition towards the solidified national culture of the Song dynasty. Although short, the period saw cultural innovations in different areas.
It emphasized the sacredness of mountains as places between heaven and earth and depicted the natural world as a source of harmony. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Related articles.
Chinese historiography Timeline of Chinese history Dynasties in Chinese history Linguistic history Art history Economic history Education history Science and technology history Legal history Media history Military history Naval history. Main article: Later Liang Five Dynasties. Main article: Later Tang. Main article: Later Jin Five Dynasties.
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Main article: Later Han Five Dynasties. Main article: Later Zhou. Main article: Northern Han. Main article: Southern Tang.
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History of Imperial China portal. Oxford University Press. Dudbridge actually quotes Reischauer 's Ennin's Travels. Historical Records of the Five Dynasties. Translated by Richard L. Columbia University Press. The information was taken from Richard L. Davis's introduction. Britannica Educational Publishing. Museum of Chinese Art and Ethnography, Parma. Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period.
China Dynasties Guide
Qi Zhao Yan. Categories : Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Dynasties in Chinese history Former countries in Chinese history 10th century in China 10th-century conflicts Imperial China Geography of China Medieval Asia 10th-century establishments in China establishments disestablishments 10th-century disestablishments in China. Views Read View source View history.
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