Wundervölker, Monstrosität und Hässlichkeit im Mittelalter (German Edition)

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Nature had made him mean, the smallpox had made him hideous, and his degraded habits made him loathsome. And Peter had all the sentiments of the worst kind of small German prince of the time. He had the conviction that his princeship entitled him to disregard decency and the feelings of others. He planned brutal practical jokes, in which blows had always a share.


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His most manly taste did not rise above the kind of military interest which has been defined as "corporal's mania," the passion for uniforms, pipeclay , buttons, the "tricks of parade and the froth of discipline. There have been many attempts to revise the traditional characterisation of Peter and his policies.

The Russian historian A.

Mylnikov views Peter III very differently:. Many contradictory qualities existed in him: keen observation, zeal and sharp wit in his arguments and actions, incaution and lack of perspicuity in conversation, frankness, goodness, sarcasm, a hot temper, and wrathfulness. The German historian Elena Palmer goes even further, portraying Peter III as a cultured, open-minded emperor who tried to introduce various courageous, even democratic reforms in 18th century Russia. After Peter succeeded to the Russian throne 5 January [ O. Russia thus switched from an enemy of Prussia to an ally — Russian troops withdrew from Berlin and marched against the Austrians.

Frederick recaptured southern Silesia October and subsequently forced Austria to the negotiating table. He focused on making alliances with Sweden and with England to ensure that they would not interfere on Denmark's behalf, while Russian forces gathered at Kolberg in Russian-occupied Pomerania.

Alarmed at the Russian troops concentrating near their borders, unable to find any allies to resist Russian aggression, and short of money to fund a war, the government of Denmark threatened in late June to invade the free city of Hamburg in northern Germany to force a loan from it. Peter considered this a casus belli and prepared for open warfare against Denmark. Germain in case the Russian-Denmark freedom conference scheduled for 1 July in Berlin under the patronage of Frederick II failed to resolve the issue.

The issue of Schleswig remained unresolved. Peter was accused of planning an unpatriotic war. While historically Peter's planned war against Denmark was seen [ by whom? Peter believed gaining territory and influence in Denmark and Northern Germany was more useful to Russia than taking East Prussia.

During his day period of government, Peter III passed new laws that he had developed and elaborated during his life as a crown prince.

Ten Minute History - Peter the Great and the Russian Empire (Short Documentary)

Elena Palmer claims that his reforms were of a democratic nature. He fought corruption within government, established public litigation and abolished the secret police — a repressive organ started under Peter I — and intended to expose it as betrayer of the state for its mercilessness and torture methods. Furthermore, in some cities technical schools were established for middle and lower class children. One of his most popular reforms was the manifesto of February that exempted the nobility from obligatory state and military service established by Peter the Great and gave them freedom to travel abroad.

On the day Peter submitted this manifesto, the parliament proposed building a pure gold statue of him, but Peter refused, saying that there must be much better uses for gold in the country. Peter III's economic policy reflected the rising influence of Western capitalism and the merchant class or " Third Estate " that accompanied it. He established the first state bank in Russia, rejected the nobility's monopoly on trade and encouraged mercantilism by increasing grain exports and forbidding the import of sugar and other materials that could be found in Russia.

Peter's short reign also addressed serfdom law and the status of serfs within Russia. For the first time, the killing of a peasant by a landowner became an act punishable by law. Peter also took further interest in church affairs, implementing his grandfather's plan to secularize church and monastic lands. The reign of Peter III is cast by Palmer as progressive [11] for its focus on transforming economically developed feudal Russia to a more advanced European state.


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Palmer claims that his reform efforts were welcomed by society as a whole. A revolt of the Guards regiments against the emperor, to whom they had sworn allegiance, could only lead to an alternative emperor. Palmer claims that the conspiracy against Peter III was carried out by Catherine and Guards officer Alexei Grigoryevich Orlov and was in fact nothing more than a murder for personal reasons.

Shortly thereafter, he was transported to Ropsha , where he was supposedly assassinated, although it is unknown how Peter died. The most famous was the Cossack Yemelyan Pugachev , who led what came to be known as Pugachev's Rebellion in , which was ultimately crushed by Catherine's forces. In December , after succeeding Catherine, Peter's son, Emperor Paul I of Russia , who disliked his mother's behavior, arranged for Peter's remains to be exhumed and reburied with full honors in the Peter and Paul Cathedral , where other tsars Russian emperors were buried. Peter's palace is the only one of the famous palaces in the St.

Petersburg area that was not captured by the Germans during the Second World War.

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During the war, the building was a school and people say the ghost of Peter protected the children of Oranienbaum from getting hurt by bombs. Furthermore, it was near this town that the siege of Leningrad ended in January People say that Peter, after his death, stopped Hitler 's army near Leningrad, just as the living Peter had stopped the Russian army near Berlin. Peter has been depicted on screen a number of times, almost always in films concerning his wife Catherine. He was portrayed by Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. In Reece Dinsdale portrayed him in the television series Young Catherine.

He also appears in the TV series played by Aleksandr Yatsenko. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met.

September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Peter and Paul Cathedral. Catherine II of Russia m. The examples and perspective in this section may not include all significant viewpoints. Please improve the article or discuss the issue. Robert K. Catherine the Great. Bernard Cornwell. The Romanovs. Simon Sebag Montefiore. The Romanovs: The Final Chapter. Diane Haeger. Secret Lives of the Tsars. Michael Farquhar.

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